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The big issues

Green Summit






Sustainable consumption and production.


The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation (JPol) and the Political Declaration that were adopted in Johannesburg at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) 2002 in Johannesbourg, South Africa, together with the Doha Development Agenda (Trade) and the Monterrey consensus (Financing for Development), have shaped a global partnership for sustainable development. This partnership includes commitments to increased development assistance and market access for developing countries, good governance and a better protection of the environment.

At the international level, the follow-up of the WSSD is being monitored by the UN Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD). In its Multi-year Programme of Work, the CSD has defined two-year "implementation cycles" each of which deal with specific thematic clusters of the Johannesburg agenda. Moreover, all cycles address cross-cutting issues, such as governance, finance, and sustainable consumption and production.

The latest session of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD 17) agreed on strong and useful recommendations in relation to soil, water, land management (resource management in general) as well as to adaptation needs of agriculture. Building trust between the North and the South is at the core of CSD's mission. CSD 17's success is an important expression of common commitment that can enhance such trust, and have positive effects on other international actions and negotiations later this year.

The new much welcomed outcome of CSD 17 was the acknowledgement of the urgent need for a "change of mind" in the agricultural sector in relation to resource use. Recommendations in this regard should be followed up both nationally and in the international context (ie in particular by the UN Food & Agricultural Organisation (FAO) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and by other relevant organisations.)

The next cycle, CSD18-19 (2010-11) will address transport, waste, chemicals, mining and the so-called "10 Year Framework of Programmes" (on sustainable consumption and production). These topics are all important to the EU. In particular, the idea of a "10 Year Framework of Programmes" on sustainable consumption and production was put forward by the EU at the WSSD in 2002 and formed the basis for the adoption of an EU Sustainable Consumption and Production package. Review work on the above subject matters have been started already in the form of preparing country reports on these topics, (including EC report) and feed into the UN CSD Regional Meeting that will take place in December 2009 to contribute to the actual CSD review session in May 2010.

The new 2008/2009 cycle (CSD-16) will focus on agriculture, rural development, land, drought, desertification, and Africa.

At the EU level, the EU Strategy for Sustainable Development adopted in 2001 sets out a road map for implementing sustainable development in the Union. The strategy was revised in 2006 with the goal of better integrating the domestic and international dimensions of sustainable development.



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What was achieved in Johannesburg?

WSSD: From Rio to Johannesburg

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last update: 12/04/2005