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Large Combustion Plants Directive

Industrial EmissionsImplementation

Key implementation measures

To assist those Member States that choose the national emission reduction plan option as a means of compliance with the requirements for existing plants the Commission has developed guidance for the preparation of these plans. The guidance and background information can be downloaded following the link.

In January 2006 DG Environment informed all Member States about the interpretation of certain important aspects of the Directive, such as the application of the "common stack" approach, the exemption of plants operating for no more than 20,000 hours, and the conditions for application of a "combined approach" for implementation of the Directive. Details of the interpretations of these issues can be obtained by clicking here.

The plants that are covered by the LCP Directive are also covered by the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive. In this respect, the LCP Directive only sets minimum obligations which are not necessarily sufficient to comply with the IPPC Directive. Such compliance may involve more stringent emission limit values, emission limit values for other substances and other media, and other appropriate conditions.

Emission inventories

Since 2004, Member States are obliged to report on fuel use and emissions of all plants covered by the LCP Directive and on the application of certain provisions thereof. These "LCP emission inventories" for the years 2004-2013 are accessible here.

The Commission has analysed these LCP emission inventories and published a summary report on them every three years.

Information on annual emissions from large combustion plants and other industrial sources is also available through the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR).

Opted out plants (Article 4(4))

Under Article 4(4) of the LCP Directive, existing combustion plants may be exempted from compliance with the emission limit values and from their inclusion in the national emission reduction plan if they are not operated for more than 20.000 hours starting from 1 January 2008 and ending no later than 31 December 2015. A record of the used and unused time allowed for the plants' remaining operational life has to be submitted each year to the competent authority and Member States have to report this to the Commission. An overview of the reported plants and the number of operating hours used (situation on 1 January 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014) can be found here.

It should be noted that, whereas the Commission considers that a plant is operating, for the purpose of the derogation under Article 4(4), when any part of it operates, irrespective of its load factor, the information received from Member States does not allow in all cases to draw conclusions as to whether this calculation method has consistently been applied for determining the reported operational hours.

Future developments and contacts

The LCP Directive will be repealed and replaced by the Industrial Emissions Directive from 1 January 2016 on.

For any questions regarding the LCP Directive, please contact the Industrial Emissions Unit in DG Environment at the Commission.