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Guide to the Approximation of European Union Environmental Legislation



Annex 2

The environmental acquis

in force 6 March 1998

This survey of EU environmental legislation in force by 6 March 1998 updates the list in Annex 2 to the 'guide to Approximation of European Union Environmental Legislation' dated July 1997.

Two new sectors:  J: Climate change  and  K: Civil protection  have been added to the sectors  A-I  found in the Guide.

For easy reference the survey also includes policy documents and international environmental conventions of relevance for the Associated Countries, which were not included in the Guide. These documents are listed in two new chapters :  P : Policy  and  X : International co-operation 

Pieces of environmental legislation for which other Commission services than DG XI have the principal responsibility are put in square brackets.

A number of Council and Commission decisions, which were not included in Annex 2 to the Guide, have been included in this survey. In chapter "I. Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection" a reference to provisions on health and safety in the EURATOM Treaty has also been included.

The full texts of legislation are available free of charge on the EUR-LEX database.



A. HORIZONTAL

1. Non-White Paper legislation
Directives

Environmental impact assessment, 85/337/EEC,

amended by 97/11/EC

Environmental information, 90/313/EEC

Reporting, 91/692/EEC

Decision 94/741/EEC - Questionnaire on waste

Decision 96/511/EC - Questionnaire on air pollution

Decision 97/101/EC - Exchange of information on air quality

Decision 97/622/EC - Questionnaire on waste

 

Regulations

European Environment Agency, EEC/1210/90

LIFE, EEC/1973/92

amended by EC/1404/96

 

2. White Paper legislation

none


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B. AIR QUALITY

1. Non-White Paper legislation
Directives

Air Quality Framework,96/62/EC

including 3 older directives to be replaced by new requirements under the framework directive

SO2 and particulates, 80/779/EEC

amended by  89/427/EEC and 91/692/EEC

Lead  82/884/EEC

amended by  91/692/EEC

Nitrogen oxide, 85/203/EEC,

amended by  91/692/EEC

Tropospheric Ozone Pollution, 92/72/EEC

 

Regulations

none

 

2. White Paper legislation
Directives

Emissions from motor vehicles, 70/220/EEC

amended by 74/270/EEC, 77/102/EEC, 78/665/EEC, 83/351/EEC, 88/76/EEC, 88/436/EEC, 89/458/EEC, 89/491/EEC, 91/441/EEC, 93/59/EEC, 94/12/EEC, 96/44/EEC and 96/69/EEC - "Auto-Oil" proposal COM(96) 0163 (COD)

Emissions from diesel engines - soot, 72/306/EEC

amended by 89/491/EEC and 97/20/EC

Emissions from diesel engines 88/77/EEC

amended by 91/542/EEC and 96/1/EEC

Emissions from motor vehicles - roadworthiness test for emissions, 92/55/EEC

VOC emissions from storage and transport of petrol, 94/63/EC

*Lead content of petrol, 85/210/EEC

amended by  87/416/EEC

*Sulphur content of liquid fuels, 93/12/EEC

replacing 75/716/EEC

Emissions from non-road mobile machinery, 97/68/EC

Proposal: on the quality of petrol and diesel fuel, COM(96) 0164 (COD) - "Auto-Oil".

* The proposed directive on the quality of petrol and diesel fuel, COM(96) 0164 (COD) will replace 85/210/EEC and the limit values for sulphur content in diesel fuel for road vehicles found in 93/12/EEC.

 

Regulations

none


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C. Waste management

1. Non-White Paper legislation
Directives

Waste from the titanium dioxide industry, 78/176/EEC

amended by 91/692/EEC, and related directives:

Procedures for the surveillance of titanium dioxide industry, 82/883/EEC

Harmonisation of reduction programmes, 92/112/EEC

Municipal waste incineration for new installations, 89/369/EEC

Municipal waste incineration, existing installations 89/429/EEC

Hazardous waste incineration, 94/67/EEC

Decision 96/302/EC

Decision 97/283/EC

Proposal for a directive on Landfill of waste, (COM(97)105)-final

 

Regulations

none

 

2. White Paper legislation
Directives

Disposal of waste oils, 75/439/EEC

amended by 87/101/EEC and 91/692/EEC

Waste Framework directive 75/442/EEC

amended by  91/156/EEC and 91/692/EEC

Decision 76/431/EEC

Decision 94/3/EC

Decision 96/350/EC

Disposal of PCBs and PCTs, 96/59/EC

Hazardous waste, 91/689/EEC

amended by 94/31/EC

Decision 94/904/EC

Sewage sludge and soil, 86/278/EEC

amended by 91/692/EEC

Batteries, 91/157/EEC

amended by 93/86/EEC

Packaging waste, 94/62/EC

Decision 97/129/EC

Decision 97/138/EC

 

Regulations

Supervision of shipment of waste, EEC/259/93

amended by 120/97/EC

Decision 94/575/EC

Decision 94/721/EC

Decision 94/774/EC

Decision 96/660/EC

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D. Water quality

1. Non-White Paper legislation
Directives

Water Quality Framework Directive

Urban waste water, 91/271/EEC

Related decision 93/481/EEC

Nitrates, 91/676/EEC

Dangerous substances to the aquatic environment, 76/464/EEC

including 7 'daughter' directives, all amended by  91/692/EEC:

Mercury discharges from chlor-alkali industries, 82/176/EEC

Cadmium discharges, 83/513/EEC

Other mercury discharges, 84/156/EEC

HCH discharges, 84/491/EEC

List one substances, 86/280/EEC, amended by 88/347/EEC and 90/415/EEC

Bathing water, 76/160/EEC

Drinking water, 80/778/EEC

amended by  91/692/EEC

*Surface water for the abstraction of drinking water, 75/440/EEC

amended by 79/869/EEC and 91/692/EEC

Decision 77/795/EEC on common procedures for exchange of information

Amended by decisions 84/422/EEC, 86/574/EEC and 90/2/EEC

Measurement and sampling of drinking water, 79/869/EEC

amended by 81/855/EEC

*Ground water 80/68/EEC

amended by  91/692/EEC

*Fish water, 78/659/EEC

amended by  91/692/EEC

*Shellfish water, 79/923/EEC

amended by  91/692/EEC

* will be incorporated in the proposed Water Quality Framework Directive (COM(97)49)

 

Regulations

none

 

2. White Paper legislation

none


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E. Nature protection

1. Non-White Paper legislation
Directives

Habitats, 92/43/EEC

related decision 97/266/EC

Wild birds, 79/409/EEC

amended by 81/854/EEC, 85/411/EEC,  91/244/EEC and 94/24/EC

Skins of seal pups, 83/129/EEC

amended by 85/444/EEC, 89/370/EEC

 

Regulations

Endangered species, 338/97/EC

amended by regulations 938/97/EC and 2307/97/EC

implemented by regulations 939/97/EC and 2551/97/EC

amended by regulation 767/98/EC

Import of whales, 348/81/EEC

[Protection of the Antarctic 90/3943/EEC]

Leghold traps, EEC/3254/91

implemented by 35/97/EC

[Protection of forests against atmospheric pollution, EEC/3528/86

amended by EEC/1696/87, EEC/2157/92, EEC/926/93, EEC/836/94, EC/1091/94, EC/690/95, EC/1398/95 and 307/97/EC]

[Protection of forests against fire, EEC/2158/92

amended by EEC/1170/93, EC/804/94 and 308/97/EC]

 

2. White Paper legislation

none


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F. Industrial pollution control and risk management

1. Non-White Paper legislation
Directives

*Air pollution from industrial plants, 84/360/EEC

amended by  91/692/EEC

Large combustion plants, 88/609/EEC

amended by  94/66/EC

Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control, PPC, 96/61/EC

Seveso - Control of major accident hazards, 96/82/EC

replacing 82/501/EEC, amended by 87/216/EEC, 88/610/EEC and 91/692/EEC

Proposed Directive on industrial emissions of VOC-solvents , COM(96) 538-final.

* will be replaced by the IPPC Directive 96/91/EC

 

Regulations

Regulation on Eco-Label, EEC/880/92

Decisions on Eco-Label criteria for:

Dishwashers, 93/431/EEC

Soil improvers, 94/923/EEC

Toilet paper, 94/924/EEC

Paper kitchen rolls, 94/925/EEC

Laundry detergents, 95/365/EEC

Single-ended lightbulbs, 95/533/EEC

Indoor paints and varnishes, 96/13/EEC

Bed-linen and T-shirts, 96/304/EEC

Double-ended lightbulbs, 96/337/EEC

Washing machines, 96/461/EEC

Copying paper, 96/467/EEC

Refrigerators, 96/703/EEC

Tissue paper, 98/94/EC

other related decisions:

93/326/EEC

93/517/EEC

94/10/EC

Regulation on EMAS, EEC/1836/93

related decisions

97/265/EC

97/267/EC

 

2  White Paper legislation

none


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G. Chemicals and Genetically Modified Organisms

1. Non-White Paper legislation
Directives

Animal experiments, 86/609/EEC

Decision 90/67/EEC

[Good laboratory practice, 87/18/EEC

related directive 88/320/EEC on inspection and decision 89/569/EEC]

GMOs, contained use, 90/219/EEC

amended by 94/51/EC

related decision 91/448/EEC

Asbestos, 87/217/EEC

amended by directive 91/692/EEC

 

Regulations

none

 

2  White Paper legislation
Directives

Classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances, 67/548/EEC

amended by 69/81/EEC, 70/189/ECC, 71/144/EEC, 73/146/EEC, 75/409/EEC, 76/907/EEC, 79/370/EEC, 79/831/EEC, 80/1189/EEC, 81/957/EEC, 82/232/EEC, 83/467/EEC, 84/449/EEC, 86/431/EEC, 87/432/EEC, 88/302/EEC, 88/490/EEC, 90/517/EEC, 91/325/EEC, 91/326/EEC, 91/410/EEC, 91/632/EEC, 92/32/EEC, 92/37/EEC, 92/69/EEC, 93/21/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/72/EEC, 93/90/EEC, 93/101/EEC, 93/105/EEC, 94/69/EC, 96/54/EC, 96/56/EC

related decision 85/71/EEC

[Classification, labelling and packaging of dangerous preparations, 88/379/EEC

amended by 89/178/EEC, 90/492/EEC, 91/155/EEC, 93/18/EEC, 93/112/EEC, 91/442/EEC, 95/65/EEC]

Restrictions on the marketing and use of certain dangerous substances and preparations, 76/769/EEC

amended by 79/663/EEC, 82/806/EEC, 82/828/EEC, 83/264/EEC, 83/478/EEC, 85/467/EEC, 85/610/EEC, 89/677/EEC, 89/678/EEC, 91/173/EEC, 91/338/EEC, 91/339/EEC, 91/659/EEC, 94/27/EC, 94/48/EC, 94/60/EC, 96/55/EC and 97/10/EC, 97/16/EC

GMOs, deliberate release, 90/220/EEC

amended by 94/15/EC, 97/35/EC

related decisions:

91/274/EEC

91/596/EEC

92/146/EEC

93/572/EEC

93/584/EEC

94/385/EC,

94/505/E

94/730/EC

96/158/EC

96/281/EC

96/424/EC

97/98/EC

97/392/EC

97/393/EC

97/549/EC

[Detergents, 73/404/EEC

amended by 82/242/EEC and 86/94/EEC

related directive on testing the biodegradibility, 73/405/EEC]

[Transport of dangerous goods by road 94/55/EC]

Placing on the market of biocidal products 98/8EC

 

Regulations

Regulation on Existing substances, EEC/793/93

related regulations:

Principles for the Evaluation of Risks, EC/1488/94

First list of priority substances, EC/1179/94

Second list of priority substances, EC/2268/95,

Third list of priority substances,143/97/EC,

Delivery of information on existing substances EC/142/97

Regulation on Import and export of dangerous chemicals, EEC/2455/92

Regulation on Ozone depleting substances, EC/3093/94


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H. Noise from vehicles and machinery

1. Non-White Paper legislation

none

 

2. White Paper legislation
Directives

[Motor Vehicles 70/157/EEC

amended by 73/350/EEC, 77/212/EEC, 81/334/EEC, 84/372/EEC, 84/424/EEC, 87/354/EEC, 89/491/EEC, 92/97/EEC and 96/20/EC]

[Motor cycles 78/1015/EEC

amended by 87/56/EEC and 89/235/EEC]

Construction plant equipment (framework), 79/113/EEC

amended by 81/1051/EEC and 85/405/EEC

Subsonic aircraft, 80/51/EEC

amended by 83/206/EEC

Subsonic jet aeroplanes, 89/629/EEC

Limitation of the operations of aeroplanes, 92/14/EEC

EEC type approval for construction plant and equipment, 84/532/EEC

Compressors, 84/533/EEC

amended by 85/406/EEC

Tower cranes, 84/534/EEC

amended by 87/405/EEC

Welding generators, 84/535/EEC

amended by 85/407/EEC

Power generators, 84/536/EEC

amended by 85/408/EEC

Concrete breakers, 84/537/EEC

amended by 85/409/EEC

Lawn mowers, 84/538/EEC

amended by 87/252/EEC, 88/180/EEC and 88/181/EEC

Hydraulic excavators, 86/662/EEC

amended by 89/514/EEC and 95/27/EC

Household appliances, 86/594/EEC

 

Regulations

none


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I. Nuclear safety and Radiation Protection

0. Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community (E.A.E.C-Euratom).

Title two, provision for the encouragement of progress in the field of nuclear energy, chapter III: Health and safety, articles 33, 35 and 37.

 

1. Non-White Paper legislation
Directives

radiation protection to medical exposures, 97/43/EURATOM

Information of the public, 89/618/EURATOM

Radiation protection of outside workers, 90/641/EURATOM

 

Regulations

none

 

2. White Paper legislation
Directives

Shipments of radioactive waste, 92/3/EURATOM

supplemented by decision 93/552/EURATOM

Basic Safety Standards, 96/29/EURATOM

related decision on early exchange of information in case of a radiological  emergency, 87/600/EURATOM

Regulations

Maximum permitted levels of radioactive contamination of foodstuffs following a radiological emergency, 87/3954/EURATOM

amended by 2218/89/EURATOM

related regulations:

770/90/EURATOM

2219/89/EURATOM

944/89/EURATOM.

Imports of agricultural products following the Chernobyl Accident, 90/737/CEE

amended by 95/686/EEC and 97/727/EC

Shipments of radioactive substances, 93/1493/EURATOM

 


 

J. Climate change

 

Monitoring mechanism for Community CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions, Council decision 93/389/EEC.

Top

 


 

K. Civil protection

 

Community action programme in the field of civil protection, Council decision 98/22/EC

 

Strengthening Community co-operation on civil protection, resolution of the Council and the representatives of the Governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council, of 31 October 1994, OJC 313 10. 1. 94

 

[Single European emergency call number, Council decision 91/396/EEC]

 

Community information system for the control and reduction of pollution caused by hydrocarbons discharged at sea, Council decision 86/85/EEC

amended by Council decision 88/346/EEC

 

Advisory Committee on the control and reduction of pollution caused by hydrocarbons discharged at sea, Commission decision 80/686/EEC,

amended by decision 85/208/EEC and decision 87/144/EEC.

 

Strengthening Community co-operation on civil protection, resolution of the Council and the representatives of the governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council of 31 October 1994, 94/C, OJ 313/01.

 

Community co-operation on civil protection, resolution of the Council and the representatives of the governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council of 23 November 1993, 90/C, OJ 315/01.

 

Improving mutual aid between Member States in the events of a natural or man-made disaster, resolution of the Council and the representatives of the governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council of 23 November 1993, 90/C, OJ 315/02.

 

New developments in Community co-operation on civil protection, Resolution of the Council and the representatives of the governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council of 13 February 1989, 89/C, OJ 44/03.

 

Introduction of Community co-operation on civil protection, resolution of the Council and the representatives of the governments of the Member States, meeting within the Council of 25 June 1987, 87/C, OJ 176/01.

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P. Policy

 

5th Environmental Action Programme, Resolution by Council and representatives of Member States of 1 February 1993, OJ C 138 17.05.93, p/1

 

Community action programme to promote environmental NGOs, Council decision 97/872/EC

 

Community strategy on waste management, Council resolution of 24 February 1997, OJ C 076 11.03.97, p.1

 

Reuse of waste paper and use of recycled paper, Council recommendation of 3 December 1981, 81/972/EEC

 

Environmental agreements, Council resolution of 7 Oct. 1997, OJ C 321 22.10.97, p.6

 

Environmental agreements, Commission recommendation, 96/733/EC

 

Groundwater protection, Council resolution of 20 February 1995, OJ C049 28.02.95.,p.1

 

Cost allocation and action by public authorities on environmental matters, Council recommendation 75/436/EURATOM. ECSC,EEC of 3 March 1975

 

Renewal of Community action plan on radioactive waste, Council resolution of 15 June 1992, OJ C 158 25.06.92, p.3

 

Radioactive waste management, Council resolution of 19 December 1994 OJ C 379 31.12.94, p.1

 

Protection against indoor exposure to radon, Commission recommendation, 90/143/EURATOM

 

EC action programme on the control and reduction of pollution caused by hydrocarbons discharged at sea, Council resolution of 26 June 1978, OJ C 162.08.78, p.1

 

Improving mutual aid between Member States in the event of natural or technological disasters, resolution of Council and representatives of Member States of 8 July 1991, OJ C 198 27.07.91,p.1

 

Community action programme to combat pollution by cadmium, Council resolution of 25 January 1988, OJ C 030 04.02.88. p.1

 

Future Community policy concerning the European coastal zone, Council resolution of 25 February 1992, OJC 059. 06. 03. 92

 

Community strategy for integrated coastal-zone management, Council resolution of 6 May 1994, OJ C 135 18.05.94, p. 2

 

On the application of Art. 37 of the Euratom Treaty, Commission recommendation, 91/4/EURATOM

 

Technological problems of nuclear safety, Council resolution of 22 July 1975, OJ. NO. C185, 14/08/1975, p.0001-0002

 

Technological problems of nuclear safety, Council resolution of 18 June 1992, OJ. NO. C172, 08/07/1992, p.0002-0003

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X. International co-operation

 

Convention on the protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution (Barcelona convention) – Protocol for the prevention of pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by dumping from ships and aircraft’s, OJ L 240 19.09. 77, p.3

 

Protocol concerning co-operation in combating pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by oil and other harmful substances in cases of emergency, OJ L 162 19.06.81, p.6

 

Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution – Resolution on long-range transboundary air pollution. OJ L 171 27.06.81. p. 13

 

Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats, OJ L 038 10.02.82, p.3,

related decision 98/145/EC

 

Convention on the conservation of migratory species of wild animals, OJ L 210 19.07.82, p.11

 

Convention on international trade in endangered species of wild fauna and flora, OJ L 384 31.12.82 p. 7

 

Protocol for the protection of the Mediterranean Sea against pollution from land-based sources, OJ L 067 12.03.83, p. 3

 

Protocol concerning Mediterranean specially protected areas, OJL 068 10.03.84 p.36, adopted by Council decision 84/132/EEC

 

Council decision of 12 June 1986 on the conclusion of a Protocol to the 1979 Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution on long-term financing of the co-operative programme for monitoring and evaluation of the long-range transmissions of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP), 86/277/EEC, OJ L 181 04.07.86, p. 1

 

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution on long-term financing of the co-operative programme for monitoring and evaluation of the long-range transmission of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP), OJ L 181 04.07.86, p.2

 

Council decision of 14 October 1988 concerning the conclusion of the Vienna Convention for the protection of the ozone layer and the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer, 88/540/EEC, OJ L 297 31.10.88, p. 8

 

Vienna convention for the protection of the ozone layer, OJ L 297 31.10.88, p.10

 

Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer – Declaration by the European Economic Community, OJ L 297 31.10.88, p. 21

 

Convention on the International Commission for the Protection of the Elbe, OJ L 321 23.11.91, p. 25

 

Amendment to the Montreal protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer, OJ L 377 31.12.91, p. 30

 

Basel Convention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal, OJ L 039 16.02.93, p. 3

related decision 97/640/EC

 

Protocol to the Convention of 8 October 1990 between the Governments of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Czech an Slovak Federal Republic and the European Economic Community on the International Commission for the Protection of the Elbe, OJ L 045 23.02.93, p.26

 

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on long-range transboundary air pollution concerning the control of emissions of nitrogen oxides or their transboundary fluxes, OJ L 149 21.06.93, p. 16

 

Convention on biological diversity – Declarations, OJ L 309 13.12.93, p. 3

 

Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer, OJ L 033 07.02.94, p. 13

 

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change – Declarations, OJ L 073 16.03.94, p.2

 

Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1974, (Helsinki Convention), OJ L 073 16.03.94, p. 2

 

Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1992, (Helsinki Convention revised in 1992), OJ L 073 16.03.94, p. 20

 

European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals used for Experimental and other Scientific Purposes, 18.03.1986, Strasbourg, Council of Europe

 

Convention on Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents, 17.03.1992, Helsinki UN-ECE

 

Protocol to the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution of 1979 on the further Reductions of Sulphur Emissions, SO2 13.06.1994, Oslo

 

UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, 10.12.1982, Montego Bay, Jamaica