In 2002, DG Environment had prepared estimates of externalities for air pollution
in the EU. These estimates of marginal external costs of air pollution have now
been updated as part of the cost benefit analysis of the Clean Air for Europe
Programme. The following report gives the external costs in terms of euros per
tonne for SO2, NOx, VOCs, ammonia and particulate matter for each EU Member State:
The estimates of the externalities include all EU Member States. Also estimates
of externalities from shipping in the Eastern Atlantic, Baltic Sea, Mediterranean
Sea and North Sea are also included in the updated report.
The database is based on existing data generated by the
NewExt project and taking into account the approach to valuation of morbidity and mortality
of air pollution according to the CAFE cost-benefit analysis methodology, which was peer reviewed
in mid 2004.