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VOC Solvents Directive

Guidance documents on substitution of solvents by Activities

(list of all activites | all documents on this page are in pdf format)

Activity 6 : Vehicle coating and vehicle refinishing


Author: Envirowise

Year : 2003

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

This document describes how a vehicle manufacturer, Ford Ltd, developed a spreadsheet based mass balance analysis to track solvent consumption and VOC emissions on a monthly basis. This solvent management plan has resulted in both economic and environmental benefits.

Author: EGITEI

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

This document provides an overview of the key primary and secondary abatement measures that could be applied to reference installations for this activity, and the associated costs. A cost analysis was undertaken which identified unit costs (k€ / ton NMVOC abated) for a number of combinations of primary and secondary abatement measures.

Author: EGTEI

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

This document provides an overview of the key primary and secondary abatement measures that could be applied to reference installations for this activity, and the associated costs. A cost analysis was undertaken which identified unit costs (k€ / ton NMVOC abated) for a number of combinations of primary and secondary abatement measures.

Author: EGTEI

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

This document provides an overview of the key primary and secondary abatement measures that could be applied to reference installations for this activity, and the associated costs. A cost analysis was undertaken which identified unit costs (k€ / ton NMVOC abated) for a number of combinations of primary and secondary abatement measures.

Author: EGTEI

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

This document provides an overview of the key primary and secondary abatement measures that could be applied to reference installations for this activity, and the associated costs. A cost analysis was undertaken which identified unit costs (k€ / ton NMVOC abated) for a number of combinations of primary and secondary abatement measures.

Author: EGTEI, CITEPA

Year : 2003

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

This document is an extensive summary of this activity. It provides an overview of the abatement measures that could be applied to reference installations for this activity, and the associated costs.

Title: The Challenge of Solvent Substitution in Coatings
(protected by copyright, see content summary)

Author: Bruno Giordan (DuPont)

Year : 2002

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3, 6, 17

Content summary

This journal article gives an overview of the use of solvents and discusses the challenges of solvent substitution for the coatings industry. It describes application of alternative solvents in some activities and gives examples where alternatives were applied and what the main problems were.
Please note that this article, published in the Noise and Health Journal 2002, 4:14, 25-29, is under copyright and must be purchased (for example, via the British Library).

Author: DFIU and IFARE

Year : 2002

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6, 7, 8, 10

Content summary

This is a detailed BAT guide (508 pages) that describes measures applied to reduce VOC emissions in paint and adhesive application activities e.g. coating activities.

Author: Envirowise

Year : 2003

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6, 8

Content summary

This is a long, detailed BAT guide (508 pages) that describes measures applied to reduce VOC emissions in paint and adhesive application activities e.g. coating activities.

Author: DFIU and IFARE

Year : 2002

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6, 8, 13, 14, 16, 17

Content summary

This detailed BAT guide describes the potential for solvent substitution or alternative emission abatement techniques suitable for adhesive application in a number of different sectors.

Author: DuPont

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 4, 5, 6, 8

Content summary

Five case studies where measures have been taken to reduce VOC emissions where it was not appropriate to apply solvent substitution. The examples demonstrate measures to reduce solvent emission, such as high-solid coatings and changes that can be made with respect to surface cleaning and purging of application equipment.

Title: Automotive OEM coating(~ 33KB)

Author: DuPont

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 4, 5, 6

Content summary

Sector overview and guidelines on whether or not small sites fall under the VOC Solvents Directive and steps that could be taken to lower solvent use.

Title: Vehicle Refinishing(~ 39KB)

Author: DuPont

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

Sector overview and guidelines on whether or not small sites fall under the VOC Solvents Directive and steps that could be taken to lower solvent use.

Title: Coating of Machinery(~ 34KB)

Author: DuPont

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6, 8

Content summary

Sector overview and guidelines on whether or not small sites fall under the VOC Solvents Directive and steps that could be taken to lower solvent use.

Author: Ireland Environmental Protection Agency

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

This document gives an overview of the requirements of the vehicle coating and refinishing sector under the VOC Solvents Directive and outlines best practices to reduce emissions, and also information for developing a solvent management plan. However some parts, in particular legislative provisions and requirements, may only be relevant for Ireland due to their specific implementation of the Directive.

Author: N/A

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

This guide describes primary and secondary emission reduction measures that can be applied to reduce solvent emissions. Efficiency, costs and side effects are also outlined for these measures.

Author: CEPE

Year : 1999

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

These guidelines give an overview of the vehicle refinishing sector and the SED requirements, and describe emission abatement techniques and other measures in order to reduce solvent emissions.

Title: Vehicle refinishing(~ 44KB)

Author: N/A

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6

Content summary

This document describes primary and secondary emission reduction measures that can be applied in the vehicle refinishing sector to reduce solvent emissions. Related costs and side effects of these measures are also discussed.

Title: Paints Manufacturing(~ 16KB)

Author: N/A

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 6, 10

Content summary

Provides information on emissions sources and emissions reduction options in this sector.