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VOC Solvents Directive

Guidance documents on substitution of solvents by Activities

(list of all activites | all documents on this page are in pdf format)

Activity 4 : Surface cleaning using substances with R40, R45, R46, R49, R60, R61 or R68


Author: Irish Environment Protection Agency

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 4, 5

Content summary

This document is a summary of the requirements of the surface cleaning sector under the VOC Solvents Directive. It provides guidance on developing a solvent management plan and how to apply best measures to reduce solvent emissions. However some parts, especially legislative provisions and requirements, may only be relevant for Ireland which may have implemented the VOC Solvents Directive more stringently than required. Please note that these guidelines for surface cleaning are still in their draft format.

Author: DuPont

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 4, 5, 6, 8

Content summary

Five case studies where measures have been taken to reduce VOC emissions where it was not appropriate to apply solvent substitution. The examples demonstrate measures to reduce solvent emission, such as high-solid coatings and changes that can be made with respect to surface cleaning and purging of application equipment.

Title: Automotive OEM coating(~ 33KB)

Author: DuPont

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 4, 5, 6

Content summary

Sector overview and guidelines on whether or not small sites fall under the VOC Solvents Directive and steps that could be taken to lower solvent use.

Author: Office of Technical Assistance, Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 4

Content summary

A case study is presented where trichloroethylene (TCE) has been substituted to reduce solvent emissions and comply with more stringent environmental standards. The results, including related costs for abatement measures, are outlined.

Author: Office of Technical Assistance, Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 4

Content summary

This document presents the results of "alternative" water-soluble cleaner and nonhazardous mold release agent that was applied in order to eliminate completely 1,1,1 trichloroethane (TCA).

Author: MnTAP

Year : 1997

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 2, 3, 4, 16

Content summary

This document describes the measures that were implemented in American Converters to replace use of methylene chloride based adhesives. Additional options reviewed are also presented.

Author: NIOSH

Year : 1998

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 4, 11, General

Content summary

This document presents the advantages and disadvantages of three potential alternative measures to dry cleaning with perchloroethylene (PERC): wet cleaning, petroleum based dry cleaning and liquid carbon dioxide.