The results of two case studies about the effect of emission control scenarios on the local scale: the report (pdf ~500K) of a model simulation of the case of Stuttgart (Germany) and Athens (Greece) by a consortium led by the University of Thessaloniki and the the brief model study (pdf ~140K) on the situation at the East Spanish coast around Valencia by the Joint Research Centre of the Commission.
Reporting Questionnaire on Directive 96/62/EC on ambient air quality assessment and management and Directive 1999/30/EC relating to limit values for sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and oxides of nitrogen, particulate matter and lead in ambient air.(OJ L 319, 4 Dec 2001 p.45, corrected by OJ L 12, 15 Jan 2002 p.70)
Guidance to Member States on PM10 monitoring and intercomparisons with the reference method (pdf ~370Kb)
Position Paper on As, Cd and Ni
Position Paper on PAH
Waste Incineration Plants
The VOC Solvents Directive
Study on the potential for reducing emissions of volatile organic
compounds (VOC) due to the use of decorative paints and varnishes for professional and
Executive summary (pdf ~40K)
Full text of the study (pdf ~1,400K)
A Commission Proposal to amend Directive 98/70/EC together along with the related cost benefit analysis can be found below.
Contributions to the sulphur consultation exercise were synthesised and reviewed by a panel of independent experts and the findings of this exercise can be found below.
MTBE and the Requirements of Underground Storage Tank Construction and Operation in Member States: A report prepared by Arthur D. Little for the European Commission, March 2001 (pdf ~450K)
Comprehensive background documentation on the methodology and input data used in the cost-effectiveness analysis by RAINS and the results of a similar analysis made for the new UN-ECE Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution to abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone can be obtained at IIASAs website: http://www.iiasa.ac.at/~rains/.
At the request of the Portuguese Council Presidency the Commission has asked IIASA to calculate further emission reduction scenarios with RAINS. All calculations are based on a redesigned "Reference scenario". It takes as a starting point the assumption that all parties who have made commitments in the Gothenburg protocol will implement them. Where Gothenburg emission ceilings are less ambitious than the result of current legislation, current legislation is taken as the starting point. As an example, scenario K1 calculates revised ceilings for the EU15 to reach in the EU the interim objectives of the Commission NEC proposal. The results of this study are available as part 1 (pdf ~120K) and part 2 (pdf~110K) of the 8th Interim Report by IIASA. A further document (pdf~60K) by IIASA shows two secenarios taking into account the future impact of a recent decision under the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) to declare the North Sea and the Baltic Sea as environmentally sensitive areas. This will prescribe use of low-sulphur fuel by ships once the related annex of the MARPOL (Maritime Pollution) Convention has been ratified.
Informing policy development - studies for the Commission 2000-2003
Evaluation of the Feasibility of Alternative Market-Based Mechanisms to Promote Low-Emission Shipping in European Union Sea Areas. A report for the Commission by NERA Economic Consulting (National Economic Research Associates)(pdf~300K)
Advice on Marine Fuels - potential price premium for 0.5% S marine fuels; particular issues facing fuel producers in different parts of the EU; and commentary on marine fuels market. A report for the Commission by Beicip Franlab (pdf~500K)
Final report from Entec UK Ltd for the European Commission "Quantification of emissions from ships associated with ship movements between ports in the European Community"
Part 1:Executive Summary/ Contents/Chapter 1 Introduction (pdf ~990K)
Part 2:Chapter 2 Quantification of ship emissions (pdf ~2000K)
Part 3:Chapter 3 Market survey of marine distillates with 0.2% sulphur content/ Chapter 4 Feasibility of ships storing multiple grades of marine distillates/ Appendices (pdf ~2000K)
Preliminary advice from EMEP for the European Commission "The influence of ship traffic emissions on air concentrations of particulate matter" (pdf ~500K) NB This does not incorporate in-port PM emissions figures from the above quantification study.
Advice on the costs to fuel producers and price premia likely to result from a reduction in the level of sulphur in marine fuels marketed in the EU. A report for the Commission by Beicip Franlab (pdf ~270K)
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