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VOC Solvents Directive

Guidance documents on substitution of solvents by Activities

(list of all activites | all documents on this page are in pdf format)

Activity 3 : Other rotogravure, flexography, rotary screen printing, laminating or varnishing units, screen printing on textile/cardboard


Author: US EPA

Year : 2002

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

This short document compares solvent, aqueous and UV curing inks, and provides tips to reduce health, environmental and economic impact.

Author: Envirowise

Year : 2004

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

This guidance document describes practical measures to help reduce screen cleaning and reclamation material costs. It presents alternative methods and materials that can be applied to reduce VOC emissions and provides examples of case studies where cost savings and emission reductions have been achieved.

Author: EGTEI

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

This document provides an overview of the key primary and secondary abatement measures that could be applied to reference installations for this activity, and the associated costs. A cost analysis was undertaken which identified unit costs (k€ / ton NMVOC abated) for a number of combinations of primary and secondary abatement measures.

Author: IMPEL Network

Year : 2000

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 1, 2, 3

Content summary

This guidance document describes abatement techniques and alternatives to conventional solvents which are available to reduce solvent emissions in the printing industry. Specific activities are presented in more detail e.g. offset printing, flexography, screen printing, gravure.

Author: UBA (Federal Environmental Agency) Germany

Year : 2003

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 1,2, 3

Content summary

This document provides a summary of best available techniques in the printing industry, particularly for activities such as heatset web offset, gravure and package printing. The BAT measures are assessed against environmental impacts and it is shown whether they incur additional costs.

Title: The Challenge of Solvent Substitution in Coatings
(protected by copyright, see content summary)

Author: Bruno Giordan (DuPont)

Year : 2002

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3, 6, 17

Content summary

This journal article gives an overview of the use of solvents and discusses the challenges of solvent substitution for the coatings industry. It describes application of alternative solvents in some activities and gives examples where alternatives were applied and what the main problems were.
Please note that this article, published in the Noise and Health Journal 2002, 4:14, 25-29, is under copyright and must be purchased (for example, via the British Library).

Author: Sitmae Consultancy BV

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

This study identifies and quantifies the differences in cost between the application of solvent based and water borne inks for printing on PE bags. This study was performed from a printer’s perspective. All cost calculations have been based upon real life situations.

Author: ESIG

Years : 1999 - 2001

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 1, 3, 7, 8, 14, 17, 20

Content summary

Brief case studies to share best practise in solvent use.

Author: Sitmae Consultancy & VITO for Aminal (Belgium, Flanders)

Year : 2002

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 1, 2, 3

Content summary

Detailed explanation of the VOC Solvents Directive aimed at the printing industry. Identifications of grey areas in the directive and proposed solutions. Model solvent management plans for each of the printing processes in the directive, both for the reduction scheme and conformity with emission limit values.

Author: Sitmae Consultancy for Aminal (Belgium, Flanders)

Year : 2002

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 1, 2, 3

Content summary

Over 50 different potential emission reduction measures are identified. All relevant printing processes are studied.

Author: EGTEI

Year : 2003

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

Information on the cost and effectiveness of different abatement techniques.

Title: Cleaning in flexography and packaging gravure (Dutch with English summary, ~ 266KB)

Author: Sitmae Consultancy & Metrique Survey & Advies for Ministry of Social Affairs (SOZA), KVGO, Kartoflex (The Netherlands)

Year : 2002

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

Identification of best practice and best available techniques with regard to the prevention of workers solvent exposure during cleaning in flexible packaging plants.

Author: Sitmae Consultancy for Ministry of VROM

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

To fulfil obligations under the NEC, a ‘National Reduction Plan’ was agreed with industry. The study was aimed at determining an obtainable emission level for flexible packaging plants and finding suitable remission reduction measures. An emission limit value of 10% of reference emissions was deemed possible in most IPPC size plants.

Author: Sitmae Consultancy for Ministry of VROM

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

Practical guide for measuring and reducing solvent emissions in flexible packaging.

Author: Sitmae Consultancy for Ministry of VROM

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

Introduction of a computer model with which emissions from an IPPC size flexible packaging plants can be estimated.

Author: Sitmae Consultancy for Ministry of VROM

Year : 2005

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

Guidance for competent authorities when writing permits for IPPC size flexible packaging plants.

Title: BAT for Textile Industry (~ 441KB)

Author: Finnish Ministry of Environment

Year : 2000

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

The objective of this document is to provide assistance to the European Commission in its activities aimed at the implementation of best available techniques (BAT) in the tanning industry. It contains a description of the characteristics and quantity of the emissions (including VOCs) and wastes of the Finnish tanning industry.

Title: Screen printing (~ 27KB)

Author: MAETIS Consultancy bv

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

This document provides recommendations for substitution of solvent-based inks and describes their economic and technical feasibility in screen printing activities.

Title: Printing industry (~ 68KB)

Author: N/A

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 2, 3

Content summary

This document describes primary and secondary emission reduction measures that are applicable to the various different printing activities, along with economic aspects and associated side effects.

Author: MAETIS Consultancy bv

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

This document provides recommendations for abatement measures and techniques that can be applied to reduce solvent emissios, along with associated costs.

Author: MAETIS Consultancy bv

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

This brief guide describes how the reduction scheme can be applied in printing flexography.

Author: MnTAP

Year : 1997

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 2, 3, 4, 16

Content summary

This document describes the measures that were implemented in American Converters to replace use of methylene chloride based adhesives. Additional options reviewed are also presented.

Author: US EPA

Year : 1997

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

This guide is designed to help operators evaluate their current blanket wash and compare it to substitute blanket washes for lithographic printing. A number of substitute blanket washes have been assessed and compared against human health, environmental impacts and associated costs.

Author: UBA (Federal environment agency), Germany

Year : N/A

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

This document describes briefly how a company, THOMAS GRUPPE, has applied an innovative technique that has achieved solvent emissions reduction.

Author: Office of Technical Assistance, Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Year : 2004

Issues covered:

Fitness for use

Human Health

Environment

Economics

Solvent management plan

Main activities covered : 3

Content summary

The document describes the benefits that Deluxe Corporation, one of the largest lithographic printers in the United States, has achieved by developing a water-washable ink system that eliminates the use of petroleum-based solvents and hence minimizes solvent emissions.