POLES is a world simulation model for the analysis of energy systems and their global environmental impacts up to 2050. It simulates the demand and supply of energy for 32 countries and 46 world regions and more details for large individual countries as appropriate. POLES interconnects submodels at the international, regional and national level. Each of the 46 world regions integrates submodels on (1) final energy demand by sector, (2) new and renewable energy technologies, (3) conventional energy and transformation systems (including Hydrogen and CO2 sequestration options), and (4) primary energy supply. POLES has been extended to include other greenhouse gases and was used to assess the implication of climate policies meeting the EU target of global temperature change limited to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.
POLES It generates scenarios and projections for energy demand, supply and prices, analysis of CO2 and GHG emission reduction options in a global perspective, and impacts of technological change and R&D strategies on the energy market.