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Glossary

ANEC

European consumer voice in standardisation

CENELEC

European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (Comité Européen de Normalisation Electronique)

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

CSR refers to the concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with stakeholders on a voluntary basis. SMEs which have integrated the concept of CSR behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving the quality of life of the workforce and their families, as well as of the local community and society at large.

CSR

Corporate Social Responsibility

FCM

Food Contact Material

GHS

Global Harmonised System

Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)

The Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) is a United Nations system to identify hazardous chemicals and to inform users about these hazards through standard symbols and phrases on the packaging labels and through safety data sheets (SDS). On 16 December 2008 the European Parliament and the Council adopted a new Regulation on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) which aligns existing EU legislation to the GHS. It was published in the Official Journal 31 December 2008.

GPSD

General Product Safety Directive

ICTI

International Council of Toy Industries

NB

Notified Body

Notified Body

Notified Body is a semi-official or private technical orgnisation appointed by Member States, either for approval and monitoring of the manufacturers' quality assurance system or for direct product inspection. A Notified Body may be specialised for certain products/product categories or for certain modules.

PROSAFE

PROSAFE (the Product Safety Enforcement Forum of Europe) is a non-profit organisation established by market surveillance officers from various countries throughout Europe.

The primary focus of PROSAFE is to promote informal discussions between the various market surveillance officers in order to share and learn from each others' experiences and to further develop best practices and enhance market surveillance activities as operated within the European Economic Area (EEA).

PROSAFE

Product Safety Enforcement Forum of Europe

REACH

REACH is the new Regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals. It entered into force on 1st June 2007. It streamlines and improves the former legislative framework on chemicals of the European Union (EU).

REACH

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances (Regulation 1907/2006/EC)

Single or internal market

The EU's single or internal market is a market where goods, services, capital and people can circulate freely. The free movement of goods principle requires that national barriers to the free movement of goods within the EU be removed. Articles 34 to 36 of the TFEU prohibit quantitative restrictions on imports, exports or goods in transit and all similar restrictive measures between member countries. All measures capable of hindering directly or indirectly such imports are considered to be quantitative restrictions.

SME

According to Article 2 of the Annex to Recommendation 2003/361/EC, the category of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is made up of enterprises which employ fewer than 250 persons and which have an annual turnover not exceeding €50 million, and/or an annual balance sheet total not exceeding €43 million (see: SME definition). SMEs are the backbone of the EU economy - they represent 99% of all enterprises in the EU. Some 23 million SMEs provide around 75 million jobs.

SME

Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

Standardisation

Standardisation is the process through which the EU aims to establish high quality criteria throughout its member countries. It is based on consensus among the various partners involved - industry, consumers and public authorities. Interoperability, i.e. the technical compatibility of complementary products, services and processes is the desired outcome. The process also involves setting up test methods and requirements for safety, health, organisational and environmental performance.

Standardisation allows SMEs to stay up to date with technology and business practices. It is a symbol of quality, recognised by customers. It is also a means of capitalising on European leadership in new markets.

TBT

Technical Barriers to Trade

TIE

Toy Industries of Europe

TSD

Toy Safety Directive

WHO

World Health Organisation

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