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Alba Iulia

Lying in the heart of Transylvania, guarded to the East by the clear waters of the Mures river, and to the West by high hills, surrounded by the fast-flowing waters of the Ampoi river to the North and the fertile fields to the South, Alba Iulia is always ready to welcome its guests and share with them the millenniums and thousands of legends. The beauty of the place combined with the people’s kindness and hospitality along with the cultural heritage, transform this city into a legendary place. In its heart lies the largest Vauban Citadel in Romania and the second largest well preserved in Europe, the place where on December 1st 1918 Transylvania announced its unification with Romania and where in 1922 Prince Ferdinand was crowned King of Romania, the place where the future has a history and the history has a future…

Regeneration and revival…

Alba Carolina Citadel built during 1715-1738 in the context of the Habsburg domination in Transylvania, on thAlba Iuliae place where the Roman Castrum and the Medieval Citadel existed, after years of work and restoration is brought back to life, revealing its true value.

The uniqueness and diversity of the rehabilitated sites are reflected by the multitude of classical and baroque ornamental patterns that enrich the facades of the historic buildings.

The Citadel trenches are now for the first time opened to the public, revealing secret passages and new tourist routes can be followed by visitors inside the citadel, by foot or by bike, leading them through the heart of the Romanian History.

Sightseeing tips…

  • Travel back in time along two millenniums on The Route of the Three Fortifications among the vestiges of three fortifications from three different periods, built successively on the same location, each new citadel including the old one: The Roman Castrum (106 A.D.), The Medieval Citadel (16th-17th Centuries) and Alba Carolina Citadel, a Vauban type fortification (18th Century)
  • See The Changing of the Guard each day, but especially on Saturdays, when at 12 o’clock you can admire the canon salutes, a unique show bringing life inside the three-century old fortification walls
  • Follow the Route of the 7 Gates of the Citadel
  • See Horea’s Cell-the leader of the Peasants’ Revolt of 1784
  • Explore the 1000 year old Roman-Catholic Cathedral, where many Transylvanian rulers were buried! 
Last update: 08/04/2014 | Top