Regulation (EU) No. 1007/2011
The reasons of a legislation on textile names are twofold:
- If the provisions of the Member States with regard to names, composition and labelling of
textile products were to vary from one Member State to another, this would create hindrances
to the proper functioning of the internal market ;
- Consumer interests need to be protected by correct information.
As from 8 May 2012, Regulation (EU) no. 1007/2011 on textile fibre names and related labelling and marking of the fibre composition of textile products repeals and replaces Directives 2008/121/EC on textile names, 96/73/EC on certain methods for the quantitative analysis of binary textile fibre mixtures and 73/44/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the member states relating to the quantitative analysis of ternary fibre mixtures.
Regulation (EU) No. 1007/2011 of the European Parliament and the Council of 27 September 2011 on textile fibre names and related labelling and marking of the fibre composition of textile products - OJ L 272, 18.10.2011, p.1
Regulation (EU) No. 1007/2011 of the European Parliament and the Council of 27 September 2011 on textile fibre names and related labelling and marking of the fibre composition of textile products (Official Journal L 272, 18.10.2011, p.1) describes conditions and rules for the labelling of textile products.
The information required concerns the composition of the textile products which must be provided using harmonised fibre names. The regulation also stipulates methods to check on whether the composition of textile products is in conformity with the information supplied.
Member States recognised in the 1970’s the need for harmonization of Community legislation in the area of textile names.
Non-harmonised textile fibre names in the EU Member States would create a technical barrier to trade in the Internal Market. In addition, consumer interests would be better protected if the information provided in this area is the same within the Internal Market.
For those reasons, as long ago as 1971, the Commission issued a Directive to harmonise the names of textile products as well as their appearing on labels and marketing documents. That Directive was amended several times and consolidated finally in Directives 2008/121/EC on textile names, Directive 96/73/EC on certain methods for the quantitative analysis of binary textile fibre mixtures and 73/44/EEC relating to the quantitative analysis of ternary fibre mixtures, the so-called Textile Directives.
In 2006, the Commission decided to revise the legislation on textiles names in order to introduce more flexibility to adapt legislation in order to keep up with the needs of the technological developments expected in the textiles industry.
In 2009, the Commission adopted a proposal for a new regulation on textile names that would replace the Textile Directives.
Following the ordinary legislative procedure, the European Parliament and the Council adopted the present Regulation on 27 September 2011.
All products containing at least 80% by weight of textile fibres, including raw, semi-worked, worked, semi-manufactured, semi-made, made-up products are covered in the Regulation.
A list of exceptions is provided in Annex V (e.g. disposable articles, flags).
The indication of the fibre composition is mandatory in all stages of the industrial processing and commercial distribution of a product.
Names and Descriptions of the fibres are listed in Annex I which contains 48 fibre names and their description.
Structure of the Regulation
The Regulation contains 28 Articles and 10 Annexes.
The 28 Articles are divided in the following 4 chapters:
- Chapter 1: general provisions
- Subject matter and scope (Art. 1 and 2)
- Definitions (Art. 3)
- General requirements (Art. 4)
- Chapter 2: textile fibre names and related labelling and marking requirements
- Textile fibre names (Art.5 and 6)
- Labelling requirements of certain textile products (Art. 7 to 13)
- Rules and conditions concerning labels and marks (Art. 14 to 16)
- Derogations (Art. 17)
- Chapter 3: market surveillance
- Checks and determination of the fibre composition (Art.18 and 19)
- Tolerances (Art. 20)
- Chapter 4: final provisions
- Amendments to the Regulation (Art. 21 and 22)
- Reporting and review (Art. 23 to 25)
- Transitional provisions, repeal and entry into force (Art. 26 to 28)
The 10 Annexes specify:
- Fibre names and their description (Annex I )
- Requirements of the technical file to apply for a new fibre name (Annex II)
- Names to describe virgin wool products (Annex III)
- Special provisions applicable for certain products (Annex IV)
- Exceptions to mandatory labelling (Annex V)
- Products for which global labelling is sufficient (Annex VI)
- Items to be excluded for the determination of the fibre composition (Annex VII)
- Methods for quantitative determination of the fibre composition (Annex VIII)
- Agreed allowance to calculate the mass of fibres (Annex IX)
- Information concerning correspondence of provisions with Directive 2008/121/EC, 96/73/EC and 73/44/EC (Annex X)
What is new in the Regulation?
(this explanatory text is not legally binding and does not express an official Commission position)
The Regulation is based on the Textile Directives, revising them in line with recent legislative standards to facilitate its direct applicability and to ensure that citizens, economic operators and public authorities can readily identify their rights and obligations.
The main novelties in this legal act are:
- Simpler legislative process to adapt legislation to technical progress by transforming the three existing Directives into a single Regulation, which avoids transposition of technical updates;
- Refined structure, introduction of definitions and clarification of the scope as well as of the responsibilities of economic operators;
- Further simplification foreseen via a transition towards a standard-based system, where the detailed description of quantification methods to be used by market surveillance authorities should be replaced by references to European standards;
- Introduction of minimum technical requirements for applications for a new fibre name.
- General obligation to state the full fibre composition of textile products;
- New requirement to indicate the presence of non-textile parts of animal origin;
- Clarification of the conditions of labels and marks indicating the composition;
- Clarification of the exemption applicable to customised products made-up by self-employed tailors;
- Compulsory labelling of felts and felt hats;
- Empowerment of the Commission to adopt delegated acts amending the technical Annexes of the Regulation, in line with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
- Reporting on the implementation, review clause and study on hazardous substances to be undertaken by the Commission.
Technical amendments to the Regulation
Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 286/2012 of 27 January 2012 amending, in order to include a new textile fibre name, Annex I, and, for the purposes of their adaptation to technical progress, Annexes VIII and IX to Regulation (EU) No 1007/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council on textile fibre names and related labelling and marking of the fibre composition of textile products - OJ L 95, 31.3.2012, p. 1–6 .
Adding one fibre name (polypropylene/polyamide bicomponent) to the list of harmonised fibre names and relevant methods.