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Glossary

BISFA

The International Bureau for the Standardisation of Man-made Fibres

BREF

Best available techniques reference document

CIRFS

The International Rayon and Synthetic Fibres Committee

CN Code

Combined Nomenclature

Doha Round

The Doha Round (also named the Doha Development Agenda) of world trade negotiations was launched in Doha (Qatar) in November 2001. The agenda of the Doha Round is specifically targeted at addressing the needs of developing countries. The focus of negotiations has been on reforming agricultural subsidies, improving access to global markets and ensuring that new liberalisation in the global economy respects the need for sustainable economic growth in developing countries.

You will find more information on the Doha round on the World Trade Organization official website.

ETP

European Technology Platform: industry-led stakeholder forum charged with defining research priorities in a broad range of technological areas.

ETS

EU Emissions Trading Scheme

ETUC

European Trade Union Confederation

IPPC

Integrated pollution prevention and control

NAMA

Non Agricultural Market Access

OECD

Organisation of Ecomonic Cooperation and Development

REACH

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances (Regulation 1907/2006/EC)

Single or internal market

The EU's single or internal market is a market where goods, services, capital and people can circulate freely. The free movement of goods principle requires that national barriers to the free movement of goods within the EU be removed. Articles 34 to 36 of the TFEU prohibit quantitative restrictions on imports, exports or goods in transit and all similar restrictive measures between member countries. All measures capable of hindering directly or indirectly such imports are considered to be quantitative restrictions.

SME

According to Article 2 of the Annex to Recommendation 2003/361/EC, the category of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is made up of enterprises which employ fewer than 250 persons and which have an annual turnover not exceeding €50 million, and/or an annual balance sheet total not exceeding €43 million (see: SME definition). SMEs are the backbone of the EU economy - they represent 99% of all enterprises in the EU. Some 23 million SMEs provide around 75 million jobs.

SME

Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

TBT

Technical Barriers to Trade

WTO (OMC)

World Trade Organisation

(Organisation Mondiale du Commerce)

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