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Maritime industries

Reference documents

Study on Competitive position and future opportunities of the European marine supplies industry (2014)

Study on Competitiveness of the European Shipbuilding Industry (2009)

This study pdf - 4 MB [4 MB] builds on the framework provided by the LeaderSHIP2015 initiative, so as to deliver knowledge and insights into the key drivers of an innovative, competitive and sustainable European shipbuilding industry.

The study starts by providing a recapitulation of the some of the key historical trends in shipbuilding, highlighting the dominant market share of Asian yards in the industry today, while underlining the strength of the European sector in certain market segments.

The study analyses the competitiveness of the sector and the present economic crisis. The study concludes by reviewing the policy guidelines agreed for the sector within the framework of LeaderSHIP2015 strategy and its 2007 Progress report.

Stocktaking study on the current status and developments of technology and regulations related to the environmental performance of recreational marine engines

Article 2 of Directive 2003/44/EC specifies that by 31 December 2006 the Commission shall submit a report on the possibilities of further improving the environmental characteristics of engines and consider inter alia the need to revise the boat design categories.

If deemed appropriate, in the light of this report, the Commission shall by 31 December 2007 submit appropriate proposals to the European Parliament and the Council. The Commission shall in the light of the experience gained take account of:

  • the need to further reduce emissions of air pollutants and noise in order to meet environment protection requirements;
  • the possible benefits of a system for 'in-use compliance';
  • the availability of cost efficient techniques for controlling emissions;
  • the need to reduce evaporation and spill of fuel;
  • the possibility to agree on international standards for exhaust and noise emissions;
  • the possible simplifications of the system for conformity assessment procedures.

The aim of the study contract is to make a complete and detailed inventory and comparative assessment of the current status of and of the existing and expected developments in technology and legislation worldwide concerning the environmental performance of recreational marine engines, taking into account the issues referred to in article 2 of Directive 2003/44/EC.

Impact Assessment study

In follow-up to the stocktaking study, the Commission services have awarded in December 2005 a contract to study the feasibility and impact of possible scenarios for further emission reduction measures for recreational craft engines.
More details can be found in the contract award notice pdf - 57 KB [57 KB] .

Complementary Impact Assessment study

 From the results of the above Impact Assessment study emerged that each of the scenario options investigated would have a relatively low potential to reduce the contribution by recreational craft to overall pollution, and would entail a social cost which would affect in particular those European Small and Medium Sized Enterprises manufacturing or marinising engines mainly for the domestic market.

In view of these conclusions emerged that further study work was considered necessary to identify and assess the impact of the most ambitious - but feasible - scenario to maximise the emission reduction potential of recreational craft engines and to mitigate at the same time the social and economic impact on small and medium sized enterprises that could result from such approach. (See also Commission Communication COM(2007)313 )

A complementary Impact Assessment study has been carried out in 2008 to identify such scenario, and to assess its impact covering technical, social, environmental, and economical aspects.

Special attention has been paid to the impact on small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) and possible mitigating measures have been identified to limit the negative economical and social impacts the identified scenario may have on these enterprises.

The assessed impacts of the emission reduction scenario and of the mitigating measures for SMEs identified in this study have been compared with those of the scenarios assessed in the previous impact assessment study through a multi-criteria analysis, using efficiency, effectiveness, consistency as criteria and the "do-nothing" or "no policy change" option as the baseline for the comparison.

More details can be found here:

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