Best available techniques reference document
- Doha Round
The Doha Round (also named the Doha Development Agenda) of world trade negotiations was launched in Doha (Qatar) in November 2001. The agenda of the Doha Round is specifically targeted at addressing the needs of developing countries. The focus of negotiations has been on reforming agricultural subsidies, improving access to global markets and ensuring that new liberalisation in the global economy respects the need for sustainable economic growth in developing countries.
You will find more information on the Doha round on the World Trade Organization official website.
European Trade Union Confederation
European Trade Union Federation: Textiles, clothing and leather
- Hide and Skin Storage and Beamhouse Operations
Upon delivery, hides and skins are sorted, trimmed, cured and stored pending operations in the beamhouse. In the beamhouse, soaking, unhairing, liming, fleshing and splitting are typically carried out.
Integrated pollution prevention and control
Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community
Non Agricultural Market Access
- NAMA (Non Agricultural Market Access)
NAMA refers to all products not covered by the agreement on Agriculture. In other words, in practice, it includes manufacturing products, fuels and mining products, fish and fish products, and forestry products. They are sometimes referred to as industrial products or manufactured goods.
You will find more information on the World Trade Organization official website.
- Non tariff barriers
Non trade barriers are measures other than high import duties (tariffs) employed to restrict imports.
You will find more information on non tariff barriers on the World Trade Organization official website.
Non Tariff Barriers
- Post-Tanning Operations
Washing and neutralisation, retaining (to improve the feel and handle of leathers), dyeing, fatliquoring (leathers must be lubricated to achieve product-specific characteristics and to re-establish the fat content lost in the previous procedures) and drying.
Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances (Regulation 1907/2006/EC)
- Tannery Finishing Operations
The overall objective of finishing is to enhance the appearance of the leather and to provide the performance characteristics with respect to colour, gloss, handle, etc.
- Tannery Operations
De-liming, bating, pickling and tanning. In the tanning process the collagen fibre is stabilised by the tanning agents so that the hide is no longer susceptible to putrefaction.
Volatile organic compounds
- World Trade Organisation
The World Trade Organisation is an international organisation that sets global rules of trade between nations. It was set up in 1995 and brings together 153 governments and political entities such as the EU. The legal basis for the EU's common trade policy is Article 133 of the EC Treaty. A special committee meets on a weekly basis to coordinate EU trade policy.
- WTO (OMC)
(Organisation Mondiale du Commerce)