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Glossary

BREF

Best available techniques reference document

Doha Round

The Doha Round (also named the Doha Development Agenda) of world trade negotiations was launched in Doha (Qatar) in November 2001. The agenda of the Doha Round is specifically targeted at addressing the needs of developing countries. The focus of negotiations has been on reforming agricultural subsidies, improving access to global markets and ensuring that new liberalisation in the global economy respects the need for sustainable economic growth in developing countries.

You will find more information on the Doha round on the World Trade Organization official website.

ETUC

European Trade Union Confederation

ETUF/TCL

European Trade Union Federation: Textiles, clothing and leather

Hide and Skin Storage and Beamhouse Operations

Upon delivery, hides and skins are sorted, trimmed, cured and stored pending operations in the beamhouse. In the beamhouse, soaking, unhairing, liming, fleshing and splitting are typically carried out.

IPPC

Integrated pollution prevention and control

NACE

Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community

NAMA

Non Agricultural Market Access

NAMA (Non Agricultural Market Access)

NAMA refers to all products not covered by the agreement on Agriculture. In other words, in practice, it includes manufacturing products, fuels and mining products, fish and fish products, and forestry products. They are sometimes referred to as industrial products or manufactured goods.

You will find more information on the World Trade Organization official website.

Non tariff barriers

Non trade barriers are measures other than high import duties (tariffs) employed to restrict imports.

You will find more information on non tariff barriers on the World Trade Organization official website.

NPE

Nonylphenol ethoxylates

NTB

Non Tariff Barriers

Post-Tanning Operations

Washing and neutralisation, retaining (to improve the feel and handle of leathers), dyeing, fatliquoring (leathers must be lubricated to achieve product-specific characteristics and to re-establish the fat content lost in the previous procedures) and drying.

REACH

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances (Regulation 1907/2006/EC)

Tannery Finishing Operations

The overall objective of finishing is to enhance the appearance of the leather and to provide the performance characteristics with respect to colour, gloss, handle, etc.

Tannery Operations

De-liming, bating, pickling and tanning. In the tanning process the collagen fibre is stabilised by the tanning agents so that the hide is no longer susceptible to putrefaction.

VOC

Volatile organic compounds

World Trade Organisation

The World Trade Organisation is an international organisation that sets global rules of trade between nations. It was set up in 1995 and brings together 153 governments and political entities such as the EU. The legal basis for the EU's common trade policy is Article 133 of the EC Treaty. A special committee meets on a weekly basis to coordinate EU trade policy.

The EU and the WTO

Tariff and non-tariff barriers

WTO (OMC)

World Trade Organisation

(Organisation Mondiale du Commerce)

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