Pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement in the EU - National systems
A selection of information sources on pricing and reimbursement systems, pharmaceutical policies and cost-containment measures in the EU Member States (and beyond) is provided below.
Attention is drawn to the fact that the listed websites and documents have not been produced or adopted by the European Commission and, therefore, do not engage the institution. The Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the data, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.
- Initial investigation to assess the feasibility of a coordinated system to access orphan medicines [2 MB] , Gesundheit Österreich GmbH (GÖG-ÖBIG), May 2011
- The Pharmaceutical Distribution Chain in the European Union: Structure and Impact on Pharmaceutical Prices [2 MB] , London School of Economics & Gesundheit Österreich GmbH (GÖG-ÖBIG), March 2011
- Short- and Long-Term Effects of Value-Based Pricing vs. External Price Referencing [2 MB] , London School of Economics & Andalusian School of Public Health, January 2011
- Experiences and Impact of European Risk-Sharing Schemes Focusing on Oncology Medicines [951 KB] , Andalusian School of Public Health, January 2011
- Tender systems for outpatient pharmaceuticals in the European Union: Evidence from the Netherlands [241 KB] , Germany and Belgium, London School of Economics, October 2009
- Pharmaceutical Pricing and Reimbursement Information, Project led by Gesundheit Österreich GmbH (GÖG-ÖBIG), June 2008
- Analysis of differences and commonalities in pricing and reimbursement systems in Europe , Andalusian School of Public Health, June 2007
- Surveying, Assessing and Analysing the Pharmaceutical Sector in the 25 EU Member States , Gesundheit Österreich GmbH (GÖG-ÖBIG), July 2006
For practical and technical reasons, the Commission is unable to establish, possess or manage a comprehensive database of medicinal product prices in the different Member States. However, national price lists are usually available from the competent national authorities and are often published on the internet.