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CEC

European Confederation of the Footwear Industry

Doha Round

The Doha Round (also named the Doha Development Agenda) of world trade negotiations was launched in Doha (Qatar) in November 2001. The agenda of the Doha Round is specifically targeted at addressing the needs of developing countries. The focus of negotiations has been on reforming agricultural subsidies, improving access to global markets and ensuring that new liberalisation in the global economy respects the need for sustainable economic growth in developing countries.

You will find more information on the Doha round on the World Trade Organization official website.

ETUC

European Trade Union Confederation

ETUF/TCL

European Trade Union Federation: Textiles, clothing and leather

IPPC

Integrated pollution prevention and control

NACE

Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community

NAMA

Non Agricultural Market Access

NAMA (Non Agricultural Market Access)

NAMA refers to all products not covered by the agreement on Agriculture. In other words, in practice, it includes manufacturing products, fuels and mining products, fish and fish products, and forestry products. They are sometimes referred to as industrial products or manufactured goods.

You will find more information on the World Trade Organization official website.

Non tariff barriers

Non trade barriers are measures other than high import duties (tariffs) employed to restrict imports.

You will find more information on non tariff barriers on the World Trade Organization official website.

NTB

Non Tariff Barriers

OECD

Organisation of Ecomonic Cooperation and Development

OLAF

European Anti-Fraud Office

REACH

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances (Regulation 1907/2006/EC)

Single or internal market

The EU's single or internal market is a market where goods, services, capital and people can circulate freely. The free movement of goods principle requires that national barriers to the free movement of goods within the EU be removed. Articles 34 to 36 of the TFEU prohibit quantitative restrictions on imports, exports or goods in transit and all similar restrictive measures between member countries. All measures capable of hindering directly or indirectly such imports are considered to be quantitative restrictions.

SME

According to Article 2 of the Annex to Recommendation 2003/361/EC, the category of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is made up of enterprises which employ fewer than 250 persons and which have an annual turnover not exceeding €50 million, and/or an annual balance sheet total not exceeding €43 million (see: SME definition). SMEs are the backbone of the EU economy - they represent 99% of all enterprises in the EU. Some 23 million SMEs provide around 75 million jobs.

SME

Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

VOC

Volatile organic compounds

World Trade Organisation

The World Trade Organisation is an international organisation that sets global rules of trade between nations. It was set up in 1995 and brings together 153 governments and political entities such as the EU. The legal basis for the EU's common trade policy is Article 133 of the EC Treaty. A special committee meets on a weekly basis to coordinate EU trade policy.

The EU and the WTO

Tariff and non-tariff barriers

WTO (OMC)

World Trade Organisation

(Organisation Mondiale du Commerce)

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