Bilateral foreign trade agreements
The EU plays an increasingly important role in global trade of food and drink products - from 2001 to 2006 the rate of exports and imports grew by 5%. A number of bilateral agreements govern the EU's trade relations with non-member countries.
European Economic Area Agreement
The agreement creating the European Economic Area allows Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein to participate in the EU's internal market. All new relevant EU legislation is automatically incorporated into the agreement to ensure the homogeneity of the internal market.
Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreements
The EU concluded a number of Euro-Mediterranean Association Agreements between 1998 and 2005 as a basis for the gradual liberalisation of trade in the Mediterranean area. These agreements set out the conditions for economic, social and cultural cooperation between the EU and each partner country. Adherence to democratic principles and fundamental rights are part and parcel of the association agreements.
- Algeria [2 MB] , 10.10.2005
- Egypt, 27.9.1978
- Israel [548 KB] , 21.6.2000
- Jordan [2 MB] , 15.5.2002
- Occupied Palestinian Territory, 16.7.1997
- Syria, 27.9.1978
- Turkey [122 KB] , 17.5.1997
Other bilateral agreements by country
- Andorra, 31.12.1990
- Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia(Fyrom)
Gulf Cooperation Council
[Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman , Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates], 25.2.1989
- India, 27.8.1994
- Mexico [327 KB] , 28.10.2000
- South Africa [677 KB] , 4.12.1999
- Switzerland, 31.12.1972
- last update [88 KB] : 26.01.2005