Frequently asked questions
- Is my product covered by the EMC directive?
The Directive covers apparatus and fixed installations able to cause electromagnetic disturbance or the performance of which can be affected by such disturbance
Practically all finished electrical and electronic products, installations and components, using electronics and most electrical appliances are in the scope of the EMC directive.
Some simple and small devices without electronics are out of EMCD, as for example fuses, induction motors, manual switchgear, cables and electromagnetic passive equipment. In some cases also, EMC aspects are rather by other more specific directives as for example medical equipment, R&TTE and automotive vehicles.
- What about installations?
Fixed installations are a combination of electric and/or electronic components or equipment to be assembled, installed and operated at a given place. They have to comply with certain specific provisions of the directive, but movable installations are considered as standalone products ("apparatus") and are submitted to all apparatus provisions.
Fixed installations must comply with the essential requirement of the Directive as defined in Annex I. However, there is no need for CE marking nor EC Declaration of Conformity.
- Which products are covered by the Low Voltage Directive (LVD)?
The Directive applies to all electrical equipment designed for use with a voltage rating of between 50 and 1 000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1 500 V for direct current. Voltage ratings refer to the voltage of the electrical input or output, not to voltages which may appear inside the equipment.
Battery operated equipment outside the voltage rating is obviously outside the scope of the LVD. Nevertheless, the accompanying battery-charger as well as equipment with integrated power supply unit within the voltage ranges of the Directive, are in the scope of the LVD. This applies also, in the case of battery-operated equipment with supply voltage rating under 50 V AC and 75 V DC, for their accompanying power supply unit (e.g. Notebooks).
However, the following are excluded from the scope of the "Low Voltage" Directive:
- Electrical equipment for use in a potentially explosive atmosphere
- Electrical equipment for radiology and medical purposes
- Electrical parts for lifts -Electricity meters,
which are covered by other Community directives, and
- Plugs and socket outlets for domestic use
- Electric fence controllers
- Specialised electrical equipment, for use on ships, aircraft or railways which complies with the safety provisions drawn up by international bodies in which the Member States participate, which so far are not covered by any Community directive and therefore must not be CE marked.
Broadly, the Directive covers consumer and capital goods designed to operate within those voltage limits, including in particular electrical appliances, lighting equipment including ballasts, switch gear and control gear, electric motors and alternators, electrical wiring, appliance couplers and cord sets, electrical installation equipment, etc. The Commission confirms, as already expressed in the Communication of 15 December 1982, that cable management systems are covered by the "Low Voltage" Directive.