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Glossary

Acceleration Severity Index

The index is used as a measure for ascertaining the severity of impacts of vehicles against road equipment devices. It takes into account the decelerations of vehicles in the longitudinal, transverse, and vertical directions compared to maximum tolerable values.

Actions

Actions which may affect the compliance of the works with the essential requirements are brought about by agents acting on the works or parts of the works. Such agents include mechanical, chemical, biological, thermal and electro-magnetic agents.

Active fire protection measures

Systems and equipment installed to reduce danger to persons and property by either detecting fire, extinguishing fire, removing smoke and hot gases, or any combination of these functions.

Adjoining works

Construction works with common or connecting building elements (Opposite: separated works).

Alarm

Sudden attention or action for protection of persons or property (ISO 8201, 1987).

AoC

Attestation of conformity

Appropriate technical documentation

Simplified procedure in determining the product type as explained in Article 36 of the CPR.

Barrier to trade

Any national measure which is capable of hindering, directly or indirectly, actually or potentially, the free trade of goods in the European Union

Basic Requirements of Construction Works (BWR)

Basic requirements for construction works set out in Annex I of the Construction Products Regulation that constitute the basis for the preparation of standardisation mandates and harmonised technical specifications.

Boxed Value

The Boxed Value, used at the ENV stage together with the National Application Documents, offered a National choice for a value. It has to disappear in the EN Eurocodes.

Break-away safety

Passive safety of road equipment that ensures that the equipment readily disengages, fractures, or bends away from impacting vehicles.

CE-EAS

European Conformance mark complying with the European Acceptance Scheme

CEN/TR

CEN Technical Report

CEN/TS

CEN Technical Specification

CPD

Construction Products Directive (89/106/EEC)

CPDW

Construction Products in contact with Drinking Water

CUAP

Common Understanding of Assessment Procedures

DOA

Date of Applicability (of a standard as a harmonised European standard according to article 4(2)(a) of Directive 89/106/EEC)

DOW

Date of Withdrawal

DWD

Drinking Water Directive (98/83/EC)

EC

European Commission

ECHA

European Chemicals Agency

EGDS

Expert Group on Dangerous Substances

EN

European Standard

EOTA

European Organisation for Technical Approvals

EPD

Environmental Product Declaration

ER

Essential Requirements

ESL

Estimated Service Life

ETA

European Technical Approval: a favourable technical assessment of a an individual product or technology based upon its fitness for an intended use, which is issued when it is judged a European standard is not possible.

ETP

European Technology Platform: industry-led stakeholder forum charged with defining research priorities in a broad range of technological areas.

GCMS

Gas chromatography mass spectrometry

GHS

Global Harmonised System

GNB

Group of Notified Bodies

GPP

Green Public Procurement

hEN

Harmonised European standard

Horizontal standardisation of test methods

Standardisation process in which the use of common test methods is made possible for a large a number of product groups.

IHCP

Institute for Health and Consumer Protection

JRC

Joint Research Centre

LCA

Life Cycle Assessment

LCC

Life Cycle Costing

MS

Member State of the EU

MTC

Maximum Tolerable Concentration

NB

Notified Body

NCB

Notified Certification Body

NEEAP

National Energy Efficient Action Plan

NIB

Notified Inspection Body

NOAEL

No observed adverse effect level

NPD

No Performance Determined

NSB

National Standardisation Body

NTL

Notified Testing Laboratory

prEN

Provisional European standard

RAP

Reduced assessment product

REACH

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances (Regulation 1907/2006/EC)

RoHS

Restriction of Hazardous Substances

SCDW

Standing Committee on Drinking Water (DWD Article 12)

TC

Technical Committee in the standardisation area

TDI

Tolerable Daily Intake

WHO

World Health Organisation

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