The European Commission's work on motor vehicle safety covers the safety of drivers, passengers and pedestrians.
The Commission aims to enhance overall motor vehicle safety through the Regulation on general safety of motor vehicles. The majority of measures will become mandatory for new cars by 2014.
Regarding the pedestrian and other vulnerable road users safety, requirements are set out in the Regulation on the type-approval of motor vehicles with regard to the protection of pedestrians and other vulnerable road users .
Furthermore, requirements on the safety of hydrogen-powered vehicles are set out in the Regulation on type-approval of hydrogen-powered motor vehicles .
The environmental and safety requirements applicable to agricultural and forestry tractors and two and three- wheel motor vehicles (motorcycles) will be included in framework legislation covering those types of vehicles.
General safety of motor vehicles
The Regulation on general safety of motor vehicles foresees mandatory fitting of the following safety features:
- Electronic Stability Control Systems on all vehicles;
- Advanced Emergency Braking Systems and Lane Departure Warning Systems on heavy-duty vehicles;
It also foresees the mandatory fitting of Tyre Pressure Monitoring Systems on passenger cars and introduces requirements on tyres with regard to their rolling resistance.
The Regulation sets more stringent noise emission limit values for tyres and introduces new wet grip requirements to ensure that this important safety aspect is not overlooked in the pursuit of more energy-efficient, quieter tyres.
It significantly simplifies the existing regulatory environment by repealing 150 Directives on the type-approval of vehicles and replacing them with corresponding UNECE regulations.