Euro 5 emission limits for light duty vehicles
Call for consultation and comment from interested stakeholders into the draft proposal for Euro 5 emission limits for passenger cars and light duty vehicles [96 KB] .
THIS CONSULTATION IS NOW CLOSED - deadline for submission was Friday 9 September 2005
Stakeholder consultation - euro 5 emission limits for light duty vehicles
The Commission services have now produced a preliminary draft proposal for Euro 5 [96 KB] . The objective of the draft is to lay down harmonised rules on the construction of motor vehicles with regard to their emissions of atmospheric pollutants.
Scope and Objectives
This consultation seeks to gather the views of all interested parties on the Commission services' draft [96 KB] . It is of particular interest to this exercise to get feedback on the proposal in terms of feasibility, cost, and environmental impact.
In early 2004, anticipating the entry into force of Euro 4 emission standards for light duty vehicles in 2005, the Commission sent out a questionnaire to stakeholders on new Euro 5 emission limits for light duty vehicles. The questionnaire developed a number of scenarios for new limit values and sought data on the technology that would be required to meet those values and the associated costs. This information was collated and was used in modelling of the environmental and economic impacts of a number of the emission limit scenarios. This process has also been supported by discussions on specific issues with a number of key stakeholders.
In January 2005, the Commission published a Staff Working Paper on 'Fiscal Incentives for Motor Vehicles in Advance of Euro 5 [133 KB] . This paper suggested that in setting tax incentives for the introduction of diesel vehicles with diesel particulate filters onto the market, that Member States should consider using an emission limit of 5 mg/km as the basis for incentives. It also suggested that in the short term limit values would be proposed for NOx emissions from diesel passenger cars and small light duty diesel vehicles that would not require NOx aftertreatment systems to be fitted. The paper highlighted that this guidance did not prejudge the limit values that the Commission will propose in its formal Euro 5 proposal.
In proposing the Euro 5 standards we are seeking to replace the existing legislation which dates back to 1970. We are therefore proposing a completely new Regulation that will result in the repeal of Directive 70/220/EEC and all of its amendments. In addition with this draft we have adopted the so-called 'split level approach' where key aspects such as the emission limits are decided through the co-decision procedure by Council and Parliament, whilst technical details will be adopted through the comitology procedure.
The draft provides for a number of requirements:
- An 80% reduction in particulate matter (PM) emissions from diesel cars.
- A 20% reduction in nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions from diesel cars.
- Further reductions in emissions of NOx and hydrocarbons (HC) from gasoline cars.
- Introduction of a particulate emission limit for lean burn direct injection petrol cars.
- Intention to introduce a particulate number standard.
- Extension of the durability period over which manufacturers must confirm the functioning of emission control devices.
- Removal of an exemption that enabled passenger vehicles with a mass of over 2500kg to be type approved using emission standards of light commercial vehicles.
- Introducing an implementation date of 18 months after the entry into force of the regulation for new type approvals and 36 months for all types