Single European Sky
The decision to create a "Single European Sky" was taken in 2004. It came in response to the implementation of the internal market and the increased mobility of Europeans. This led to greater demand for air transport and put a strain on the capacity of the infrastructure. The national fragmentation of air traffic management hinders optimal capacity usage and imposes an unnecessary financial burden on aviation. Safety requirements have to be improved in parallel with the increase in traffic. Growing environmental awareness is also putting pressure on aviation to demonstrate its environmental performance. To tackle these issues, the Commission has come up with a package of proposals, including the establishment of the SESAR Joint Undertaking. The European Commission's Transport website provides more information on air transport in the EU.
SESAR Joint Undertaking
The SESAR project is the modernisation programme of the European air traffic control infrastructure. SESAR aims at developing the new generation air traffic management system capable of ensuring the safety and fluidity of air transport worldwide over the next 30 years. After a definition phase, which ended in 2008, the project entered the development phase (2007-2013). During this timeframe, the SESAR Joint Undertaking will produce the required new generation of technological systems and components for a more efficient air traffic management approach as defined in the definition phase. SESAR will federate public and private funds (Community, Eurocontrol, industry and third countries) and guarantee a single management structure for the project, as well as a governance model bringing together all actors involved (public and private). The deployment phase (2013-2020) will seek to build the new infrastructure on a broad scale both in Europe and in partner countries. This will be carried out under the responsibility of the industry without further public funding.