Galileo: Applications for road transport
Intelligent transport systems for road transport is the second most important segment of the Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) market taking nearly half of it in revenues. The GNSS consumer market in the road sector has really exploded in the last 5 years with more than 60% per year of growth and prices declining. It is still growing rapidly with vehicles to be equipped with a navigation device passing from one third of the market now to nearly 90% in 2020.
GNSS applications in road transport cover much more than in-car navigation: for instance, road user charging with GNSS-based toll collection systems allows a more efficient use of the road infrastructure, reducing both traffic and environmental effects; fleet management and logistics can also benefit from the accuracy brought by EGNOS today and tomorrow by Galileo, by locating in real-time, trucks, buses, taxis, etc. This helps optimise resources, better fleet management and reduces time and fuel consumption.
The eCall programme makes also use of GNSS positioning to implement an automatic in-vehicle emergency call system allowing emergency services to remotely locate vehicles after an accident.
The European Commission contributes to raising awareness among road stakeholders of such technologies and demonstrates the benefits of using EGNOS with a contract aiming at assessing technical and business opportunities offered by EGNOS for road charging and tracking and tracing of persons and goods.
The European Commission will also investigate the possibility of amending EU legislation to benefit from the capabilities brought by GNSS, such as for the monitoring of dangerous goods or long-range coaches, or to be used inside chronotachograph systems (that records the driving and rest times of professional drivers) to improve road safety and ensure fair competition.
With a combination of electronic identification and location of the vehicle, new applications may emerge such as accident reconstruction or anti-theft systems. The European Commission is also investigating the field of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (systems aimed at assisting the driver, examples include collision avoidance systems, intelligent speed adaptation, lane departure warning systems, etc…) using integrity and authentication capabilities brought by Galileo, by coordinating the action for the establishment of a European certification body.