Facts and figures
On 2 February 2011 the European Commission adopted a new strategy (COM(2011)25 final) , a document which sets out targeted measures to secure and improve access to raw materials for the EU.
Sectors such as construction, chemicals, automotive, aerospace, machinery and equipment sectors, which provide a total value added of €1 324 billion and employment for some 30 million people, all depend on access to raw materials (see Staff Working Document 2008, page 2 [225 KB] ).
The EU is self-sufficient in construction minerals, in particular in aggregates. The EU is also the world's largest or second largest producer of certain industrial minerals, though it remains a net importer of most of them. However, the EU is highly dependent on imports of metallic minerals, as its domestic production is limited to about 3% of world production.
More detailed information can be found in major facts and figures.