Innovation Union Scoreboard
Innovation Union Scoreboard 2014: EU more innovative but the differences between Member States are still high and diminish only slowly
The EU and all EU Member States have become more innovative in recent years. As a result, the EU has closed half of the innovation gap towards the US. However, the differences in the innovation performance within the EU are still very high and diminish only slowly. The innovation gap widens at regional level where the innovation performance has worsened in almost one fifth of EU regions according to the Regional Innovation Scoreboard 2014, which complement the IUS 2014.
The overall ranking within the EU remains relatively stable, with Sweden at the top, followed by Denmark, Germany and Finland. Portugal, Estonia and Latvia are the countries that have most improved over the last years. Most progress has been made in the openness and attractiveness of the EU research system as well as business innovation collaboration and the commercialisation of knowledge as measured by licence and patent revenues from abroad. However, the growth of public R&D expenditures over the last years was offset by a continuous decline in venture capital investments and non-R&D innovation investments in companies. More detailed information is provided in the press release and in the memo.
Innovation Union Scoreboard 2014 [14 MB]
The executive summary [195 KB] of the Innovation Union Scoreboard 2014 is available in 23 EU official languages by clicking on the little box.
Who are the innovation leaders in the European Union?
The Innovation Union Scoreboard 2014 places Member States into four different performance groups:
- Denmark (DK), Finland (FI), Germany (DE) and Sweden (SE) are "Innovation Leaders" with innovation performance well above that of the EU average;
- Austria (AT), Belgium (BE), Cyprus (CY), Estonia (EE), France (FR), Ireland (IE), Luxembourg (LU), Netherlands (NL), Slovenia (SI) and the United Kingdom (UK) are "Innovation followers" with innovation performance above or close to that of the EU average;
- The performance of Croatia (HR), Czech Republic (CZ), Greece (EL), Hungary (HU), Italy (IT), Lithuania (LT), Malta (MT), Poland (PL), Portugal (PT), Slovakia (SK) and Spain (ES) is below that of the EU average. These countries are "Moderate innovators";
- Bulgaria (BG), Latvia (LV) and Romania (RO) are "Modest innovators" with innovation performance well below that of the EU average.
EU Member States’ innovation performance
The annual Innovation Union Scoreboard provides a comparative assessment of the research and innovation performance of the EU Member States and the relative strengths and weaknesses of their research and innovation systems. It helps Member States assess areas in which they need to concentrate their efforts in order to boost their innovation performance. In addition, the Scoreboard covers Serbia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland. On a more limited number of indicators, available internationally, it also covers Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, India, Japan, Russia, South Africa, South Korea and the US. The IUS2014 is accompanied by an additional analysis that ranks the Member States on individual indicators (Annex H).
Every two years the Innovation Union Scoreboard is accompanied by a Regional Innovation Scoreboard. The calculation and measurement of the innovation performance are explained in the Innovation Union Scoreboard – methodology report [338 KB] and the data for individual indicators of the current IUS edition can be found in the IUS2014 database [844 KB] .
Check out the evolution over years for each country or each indicator on the interactive IUS Dashboard.
Innovation Union Scoreboard 2013 [15 MB]
- Innovation Union Scoreboard 2010 [659 KB]
- European Innovation Scoreboard 2009 [6 MB]
- European Innovation Scoreboard 2008 [720 KB]
- European Innovation Scoreboard 2007 [872 KB]
Innovation performance and innovation policies
What can be said about the relevance, appropriateness and effectiveness of innovation policies? Do they translate into significant improvement of country innovation performance?
A study was carried out to investigate the issue drawing on the list of policy measures for Research, Development and Innovation (RDI) taken by EU countries between 1999 and 2012 – as recorded by the Erawatch/TrendChart inventory – and on their comparison with the innovation performance of these countries over the same period – as measured by the Innovation Union Scoreboard.
Countries should be encouraged to develop their own specific policy models
Funding remains concentrated on science and technological research
Innovation policies to foster industry-science collaboration seem to be effective
Mixed impact of grants to support business innovation
The whole database of policy measures underpinning the study is also made available, so that anyone can continue the analytical work undertaken in this respect. Questions for clarifications should be sent to the unit Innovation Policy for Growth of the Directorate General Enterprise and Industry.