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Access to finance

Poland


				Poland

Summary

According to information from the Small Business Act (SBA) Fact Sheets, Poland presents a mixed picture in terms of framework conditions for the creation and growth of SMEs. While the Polish economy is still reeling from the consequences of the 2008-09 crisis, Polish SMEs should be able to recover to pre-crisis levels in the foreseeable future. The business demography outlook for 2013 is positive and dynamic with high numbers of exits but also of new companies entering the market. This is partly due to substantial progress achieved in SBA policy areas such as entrepreneurship and responsive administration, leading to the removal of many administrative burdens for start-ups, and a sharp decrease in registration costs for businesses. In spite of these targeted efforts, recognised in the World Bank report ‘Doing Business 2013’ — which ranked Poland as the top improver for 2012 — Polish SMEs continue to chronically underperform in some crucial areas, such as skills and innovation and exploiting potential foreign markets (single market and third countries). Moreover, SMEs are suffering also from a lack of recent policy initiatives to address the weaknesses of the Polish SME sector, which is still struggling to take up loan and credit financing.

Key indicators on access to finance
SMAF
SMAF gif - 20 KB [20 KB]

Poland ranked 18th out of 27 countries in the 2012 SMAF Index.

For details on SMAF index and methodology please click here.

Download data excel12book - 593 KB [593 KB]

Loans
Loans gif - 36 KB [36 KB]

Source: Chart compiled using ECB data

Note: Loan volumes and interest rate data for 2013 are to the period September 2013 only (due to data availability as at November 2013).

Download data excel12book - 69 KB [69 KB]

Guarantees
Guarantees gif - 34 KB [34 KB]

Source: Chart compiled using AECM data

Download data excel12book - 48 KB [48 KB]

Venture capital
Venture capital gif - 33 KB [33 KB]

Source: Chart compiled using EVCA data

Download data excel12book - 69 KB [69 KB]

Business angels finance
Business angels gif - 20 KB [20 KB]

Source: Chart compiled using EBAN data (*comparable data for 2011 were not accessible)

Download data excel12book - 29 KB [29 KB]

 

Appendix: ACTIONS SUPPORTING ACCESS TO FINANCE FOR SMEs pdf - 354 KB [354 KB]

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