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Innovation situation per EU Member State Publié le: 26/03/2013, Dernière mise à jour: 03/03/2014

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The Innovation Union Scoreboard provides a comparative assessment of the research and innovation performance of the EU27 Member States and the relative strengths and weaknesses of their research and innovation systems.

It helps Member States assess areas in which they need to concentrate their efforts in order to boost their innovation performance. In addition, the Scoreboard covers Croatia, Serbia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.

Innovation situation per EU Member State

Belgium is one of the innovation followers with an above average performance.

Relative strengths are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems, Linkages & entrepreneurship and Innovators. Relative weaknesses are in Finance and support and Intellectual assets.

High growth is observed for Community trademarks. A strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditure. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems, Linkages & entrepreneurship and Intellectual assets is well above average and in Firm investments well below average.

Bulgaria is one of the modest innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources, Intellectual assets and Economics effects. Relative weaknesses are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems, Finance and support, Firm investments, Linkages & entrepreneurship and Innovators.

High growth is observed for Community trademarks and R&D expenditure in the business sector. A relatively strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditures and Venture capital investments. Growth performance in Intellectual assets is well above average and in Finance and support and Firm investments well below average.

Cyprus is one of the innovation followers with a close to average performance.

Relative strengths are in Linkages & entrepreneurship. Relative weaknesses are in Finance and support.

High growth is observed for International scientific co-publications and Community designs. A strong decline is observed for PCT patent applications in societal challenges and License and patent revenues from abroad. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Linkages & entrepreneurship is above average and in Innovators well below average.

The Czech Republic is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources, Innovators and Economic effects. Relative weaknesses are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Intellectual assets.

For populations with a tertiary degree growth has been highest for all Member States and high growth is also observed for Community trademarks. A strong decline is observed for Venture capital investments and Non-R&D innovation expenditure. Growth performance in Human resources, Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Intellectual assets is above average and in Firm investments well below average.

Denmark is one of the innovation leaders with an above average performance.

Relative strengths are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems, Linkages & entrepreneurship and Intellectual assets. Relative weaknesses are in Human resources and Firm investments.

For sales of new-to-market and new-to-firm innovations growth has been highest for all Member States and growth was also high for New doctorate graduates. A relatively strong decline is observed for Community designs. Growth performance in Human resources, Open, excellent and attractive research systems, Linkages & entrepreneurship and Economic effects is well above average and in Innovators well below average.

Estonia is one of the innovation followers with a close to average performance.

Relative strengths are in Finance and support and Firm Investments. Relative weaknesses are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Economic effects.

For R&D expenditures in the business sector, PCT patents and PCT patent applications Estonia experiences the fastest growth in societal challenges and Community designs where growth rates for the first three are the highest among all Member States. A relatively strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditures. Growth performance in Finance and support and Intellectual assets is well above average and in Firm investments and Innovators well below average.

Finland is one of the innovation leaders with an above average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources and Finance and support. Relative weaknesses are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems.

High growth is observed for Community trademarks, Knowledge-intensive services exports and License and patent revenues from abroad. Growth for Knowledge-intensive services was the highest off all Member States. A relatively strong decline is observed for Innovative SMEs collaborating with others SMEs innovating in-house. Growth performance in Intellectual assets and Innovators is well above average and in Firm investments and Linkages & entrepreneurship well below average.

France is one of the innovation followers with an above average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources. Relative weaknesses are in Firm investments.

High growth is observed for New doctorate graduates, Community trademarks and Sales of new to market and new to firm innovations. A relatively strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditures. Growth performance in Economic effects is well above average and in Firm investments well below average.

Germany is one of the innovation leaders with an above average performance.

Relative strengths are in Innovators and Intellectual assets. Relative weaknesses are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems.

High growth is observed for Innovative SMEs collaborating with others, Community trademarks and License and patent revenues from abroad. A strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditure and Sales of new-to-market and new-to-firm innovations. Growth performance in Linkages & entrepreneurship is well above average and in Firm investments well below average.

Greece is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Innovators. Relative weaknesses are in Finance and support and Intellectual assets.

High growth is observed for Community designs. A relatively strong decline is observed for Venture capital investments and Knowledge-intensive services exports. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Intellectual assets is well above average and in Finance and support and Economic effects well below average.

Hungary is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources and Economic effects. Relative weaknesses are in Innovators.

High growth is observed for R&D expenditures in the business sector and Community trademarks. Growth in Venture capital investments has been the highest of all Member States. A strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditures. Growth performance in Human resources, Intellectual assets and Economic effects is above average and in Firm investments and Innovators well below average.

Ireland is one of the innovation followers with an above average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources and Economic effects. Relative weaknesses are in Finance and support and Firm investments.

High growth is observed for License and patent revenues from abroad. A strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditures. Growth performance in Firm investments is well below average.

Italy is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Innovators and Economic effects. Relative weaknesses are in Finance and support and Firm investments.

High growth is observed for Sales of new-to-market and new-to-firm innovations and License and patent revenues from abroad. A strong decline is observed for Venture capital investments and Non-R&D innovation expenditure. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Economic effects is well above average and in Firm investments well below average.

Latvia is one of the modest innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources and Finance and support. Relative weaknesses are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems, Firm investments and Linkages & entrepreneurship.

For Non-EU doctorate students, Community trademarks and SMEs introducing marketing or organisational innovation growth rates for Latvia are the highest among all Member States. High growth is also observed for Community designs. A strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditures. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems, Intellectual assets and Innovators is well above average and in Firm investments well below average.

Lithuania is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources and Finance and support. Relative weaknesses are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Intellectual assets.

For Community designs and Employment in knowledge-intensive activities growth rates are the highest among all Member States. High growth is also observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditures, Community trademarks and License and patent revenues from abroad. A strong decline is observed for Sales of new-to-market and new-to-firm innovations. Growth performance in Firm investments and Intellectual assets is well above average and in Innovators and Economic effects well below average.

Luxembourg is one of the innovation followers with an above average performance.

Relative strengths are in Innovators and Open, excellent and attractive research systems. Relative weaknesses are in Firm investments.

Luxembourg has experienced the highest growth rates for International scientific co-publications and R&D expenditures of all Member States. Also Most cited publications have grown fast. A strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditure. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems is well above average and in Firm investments well below average.

Malta is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Economic effects. Relative weaknesses are in Human resources and Finance and support.

Malta has experienced the fastest growth of all Member States for Most cited publications, Public-private co-publications and SMEs introducing product or process innovations. High growth is also observed for New doctorate graduates. A strong decline is observed for PCT patent applications, Community designs, Sales of new-to-market and new-to-firm innovations and License and patent revenues from abroad. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems is well above average and in Firm investments and in Economic effects well below average.

The Netherlands is one of the innovation followers with an above average performance.

Relative strengths are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and for Linkages & entrepreneurship. Relative weaknesses are in Firm investments.

The Netherlands has experienced the fastest growth Non-R&D innovation expenditures and SMEs innovating in-house of all Member States. A strong decline is observed for Knowledge-intensive services exports. Growth performance in Firm investments and Innovators is well above average and in Economic effects below average.

Poland is one of the modest innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources. Relative weaknesses are in Linkages & entrepreneurship and Innovators.

High growth is observed for Public-private co-publications, Community designs and License and patent revenues from abroad. A relatively strong decline is observed for New doctorate graduates and Innovative SMEs collaborating with others. Growth performance in Finance and support, Intellectual assets and Economic effects is well above average and in Human resources, Linkages & entrepreneurship and Innovators well below average.

Portugal is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Innovators. Relative weaknesses are in Firm investments.

High growth is observed for International scientific co-publications, R&D expenditure in the public sector and Community designs. For Youth with upper secondary level education growth was highest of all Member States. A strong decline is observed for New doctorate graduates, Venture capital investments and Non-R&D innovation expenditures. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Linkages & entrepreneurship is well above average and in Firm investments and Innovators well below average.

Romania is one of the modest innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources and Economic effects. Relative weaknesses are in Linkages & entrepreneurship.

High growth is observed for Community trademarks, Community designs and License and patent revenues from abroad. Growth for License and patent revenues was the highest for all Member States. A strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditures and SMEs innovating in-house. Growth performance in Intellectual assets is well above average and in Firm investments and Innovators well below average.

Slovenia is one of the innovation followers with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources and Linkages & entrepreneurship. Relative weaknesses are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Firm investments.

High growth is observed for R&D expenditures in the business sector, Community trademarks and License and patent revenues from abroad. A strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditure. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Intellectual assets is well above average and in Firm investments well below average.

Slovakia is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources. Relative weaknesses are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Intellectual assets.

High growth is observed for New doctorate graduates – the highest growth of all Member States -, PCT patents in societal challenges and Community trademarks. A strong decline is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditure and License and patent revenues from abroad. Growth performance in Human resources, Finance and support and Intellectual assets is above average and in Firm investments well below average.

Spain is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems (in particular international scientific co-publications) and Economic effects (except License and patent revenues from abroad). Relative weaknesses are in Firm investments and Linkages & entrepreneurship.

High growth is observed for International scientific co-publications. The strongest decline is observed for Venture capital investments. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems is well above average and in Finance and support and Firm investments well below average.

Sweden is one of the innovation leaders with an above average performance. Relative strengths are in Human resources. Relative weaknesses are in Firm investments and Economic effects.

High growth is observed for Non-EU doctorate students and Community trademarks. A strong decline is observed for Sales of new-to-market and new-to-firm innovations. Growth performance in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Innovators is well above average and in Finance and support and Economic effects well below average.

The United Kingdom is one of the innovation followers with an above average performance. Relative strengths are in Linkages & entrepreneurship. Relative weaknesses are in Innovators.

The highest growth of all Member States is observed for Innovative SMEs collaborating with others. A relatively strong decline is observed for SMEs introducing product or process innovations and Sales of new-to-market and new-to-firm innovations. Growth performance in Linkages & entrepreneurship is well above average and in Economic effects below average.

Non-EU countries

(In alphabetical order according to English version of country name)

Croatia is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources and Economic effects. Relative weaknesses are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Intellectual assets.

High growth is observed for Non-R&D innovation expenditures, Community trademarks and Knowledge-intensive services exports. A strong decline is observed for PCT patent applications in societal challenges and Community designs. Growth performance in Firm investments is well above average and in Intellectual assets and Innovators below average.

Iceland is one of the innovation followers with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Finance and support. Relative weaknesses are in Human resources and Intellectual assets.

High growth is observed for New doctorate students and Community designs. A strong decline is observed for Community trademarks and Sales of new-to-market and new-to-firm innovations. Growth performance in Human resources is well above average and in Economic effects well below average.

Norway is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Human resources and Open, excellent and attractive research systems. Relative weaknesses are in Firm investments and Economic effects.

High growth is observed for Community trademarks. A strong decline is observed for Venture capital investments and Community designs. Growth performance in Human resources and Open, excellent and attractive research systems is well above average and in Finance and support, Firm investments and Innovators well below average.

Switzerland is one of the innovation leaders with an above average performance.

Relative strengths are in Open, excellent and attractive research systems, Intellectual assets and Innovators. Relative weaknesses are in Finance and support and Linkages & entrepreneurship.

High growth is observed for Sales of new-to-market and new-to-firm innovations. A relatively strong decline is observed for Venture capital investments, SMEs innovating in-house and Innovative SMEs collaborating with others. Growth performance in Firm investments and Economic effects is well above average and in Finance and support and Linkages & entrepreneurship well below average.

Serbia is one of the moderate innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Finance and support and Innovators. Relative weaknesses are in Intellectual assets.

High growth is observed for R&D expenditure in the public sector, Innovative SMEs collaborating with others, SMEs introducing product or process innovations, SMEs introducing marketing or organisational innovations and License and patent revenues from abroad. A strong decline is observed for R&D expenditures in the business sector and Knowledge-intensive services exports. Growth performance in Finance and support and Innovators is well above average and in Open, excellent and attractive research systems below average.

The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is one of the modest innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Innovators and Economic effects. Relative weaknesses are in Finance and support, Linkages & entrepreneurship and Intellectual assets.

High growth is observed for New doctorate graduates and Population aged 30-34 with completed tertiary education. A strong decline is observed for Public-private scientific co-publications. Growth performance in Human resources and Open, excellent and attractive research systems is well above average and in Linkages & entrepreneurship well below average.

Turkey is one of the modest innovators with a below average performance.

Relative strengths are in Innovators and Economic effects. Relative weaknesses are in Human resources and Firm investments. High growth is observed for new doctorate graduates and Community trademarks. A strong decline is observed for Community designs. Growth performance in Human resources, Open, excellent and attractive research systems and Intellectual assets is well above average and in Linkages & entrepreneurship below average.

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