The European Commission presented its midterm review on the development of Europe’s satellite navigation programmes Galileo and EGNOS on 18 January 2011. Recent progress in the development of Galileo, including the signature of four major contracts and the testing of the first four operational satellites, means the satellite navigation system will deliver initial services in 2014. It is expected to help secure a bigger share of the space technology market and bring European independence in a sector that is important for its economy and for the well-being of its citizens. There has also been considerable progress with the EGNOS programme which increases the accuracy of signals from satellite navigation systems.
EGNOS operational: EGNOS became officially operational on 1 October 2009. The increased accuracy of satellite navigation that EGNOS provides already benefits many users, notably in the domains of agriculture, rescue operations, geo-localisation and cartography. It will soon also be used in civil aviation.
Galileo in-orbit validation phase well underway: The two experimental satellites Giove A and Giove B are securing the frequencies and determining the reliability of the technology used. The building of the first four operational satellites, which are part of the in-orbit validation phase and will be launched in 2011–2012, is nearing completion as is the creation of the associated ground based infrastructure, including the ground control centres in Fucino, Italy, and Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany.
Contracts allocated for the deployment of Galileo: The deployment phase began in 2008 and work has been divided into six lots which have all been opened to public procurement markets. The first four lots - i.e. engineering support, construction of the satellites (with an order placed for 14), launch services and operations - were all allocated in 2010 for roughly €1250 million. The final two lots, which concern ground infrastructure, will be allocated in 2011.
Secure satellite navigation for emergency and security services: A special Galileo navigation service will be set up for better management of critical transport and emergency services, better law enforcement (police), improved internal security (border control) and safer peace missions. These are the core objectives of a European Commission proposal published in October 2010 on the Public Regulated Service (PRS) access rules. Using highly encrypted signals, PRS will offer protection against threats to infrastructures dependent on satellite navigation technology.
International cooperation: Regarding the international aspect of the programme, the compatibility between the EU system and those from China, the United States, Russia, Japan and India is being discussed with each nation and within a UN context. Norway participates and has contributed to the funding of the program, and there are on-going negotiations with Switzerland.
The Galileo programme is Europe's initiative for a state-of-the-art global satellite navigation system, providing a highly accurate, guaranteed global positioning service under civilian control. Galileo will provide five services. Three early services will be provided in 2014 based on an initial constellation of 18 satellites: an initial Open Service, an initial Public Regulated Service and an initial Search And Rescue Service. The Safety-of-Life Service and the Commercial Service will be tested as of 2014 and will be provided as the system reaches full operational capability with 30 satellites in the coming years. See IP/10/1301 and IP/10/1382.
EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service) is Europe’s regional augmentation system for GPS signals. It is the precursor to Galileo. See IP/09/1399.
The midterm review is foreseen in Regulation (EC) No 683/2008 of 9 July 2008 on the further implementation of the European satellite navigation programmes EGNOS and Galileo.