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European Commission - Enlargement - IPA

Since 2007, both candidate countries and potential candidates have received EU funding and support through a single instrument – the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance, or IPA. The total pre-accession funding for the period 2007-2013 is € 11.5 billion.

IPA has replaced the former pre-accession assistance* instruments, i.e. the Phare*, ISPA* and SAPARD* programmes, the specific pre-accession instrument for Turkey and the CARDS* programme.
IPA consists of the following five components:

  • Transition Assistance and Institution Building;
  • Cross-Border Cooperation;
  • Regional Development;
  • Human Resources Development;
  • Rural Development.

For more details, see the following sections on our website:

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Last update: 07/09/2012