European Commission - Enlargement - IPA
Since 2007, both candidate countries and potential candidates have received EU funding and support through a single instrument – the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance, or IPA. The total pre-accession funding for the period 2007-2013 is € 11.5 billion.
IPA has replaced the former pre-accession assistance* instruments, i.e. the Phare*, ISPA* and SAPARD* programmes, the specific pre-accession instrument for Turkey and the CARDS* programme.
IPA consists of the following five components:
- Transition Assistance and Institution Building;
- Cross-Border Cooperation;
- Regional Development;
- Human Resources Development;
- Rural Development.
For more details, see the following sections on our website: