The EU cooperates with Ukraine in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy and its eastern regional dimension, the Eastern Partnership. The key goal is to bring Ukraine closer to the EU.
The European Neighbourhood Instrument is the EU financial instrument dedicated to the Neighbourhood for the period 2014-2020. Other funding sources are the thematic programmes, focused on human rights and civil society.
EU assistance to Ukraine takes the form mainly of country Action Programmes funded every year under the ENI. Ukraine also benefits from regional and multi-country Action Programmes, also funded under the ENI (see below).
On 5 March 2014, the European Commission announced a large support package for Ukraine to help stabilise the economic and financial situation of the country. All measures combined could bring overall support of €11 billion over the next seven years from the EU budget and the international financial institutions, including up to €1.4 billion in grants from the Member States.
On 9 April 2014, the Commission decided to create the Support Group for Ukraine. It ensures that Ukrainian authorities have all the support they need to undertake political and economic reform and stabilise the country.
For more information, please see the Frequently Asked Questions on support to Ukraine.
On 17 July 2014, the Commission released an information note to EU businesses operating and/or investing in Crimea/Sevastopol. It explains the risks related to the economic and financial situation in Crimea/Sevastopol, after its illegal annexation by Russia.
Since taking office, Commissioner Johannes Hahn has visited Ukraine five times, participating, among others, in the International Conference on Support for Ukraine on 28 April 2015 and the 12th Annual Meeting of the Yalta European Strategy in Kyiv on 10-12 September 2015.
On 13 and 14 July 2015, the first meeting of the EU-Ukraine Association Committee reviewed Ukraine's reform progress and the challenges ahead. In the margins of this event, the Ukrainian delegation participated in a study visit to the EU institutions organised by the Support Group for Ukraine. The visit was designed to deepen working-level relations in crucial reform areas.
In 2015, Ukraine became fully associated with the Commission's Horizon 2020 programme. Its researchers, businesses and innovators can now participate under the same conditions as EU Member States a multinational programme dedicated to research and innovation, equipped with a total budget of almost € 80 billion for 2014-2020.
Bilateral cooperation with Ukraine contributes to the objectives of the Eastern Partnership.
In the current exceptional circumstances, it remains difficult to identify multi-annual priorities for EU's bilateral assistance. This is why, for the moment, there is no Single Support Framework for Ukraine.
Under the ENI, planned EU grant assistance for Ukraine may total up to €1 billion in the period 2014-2020. This figure is indicative: as for all Neighbourhood countries, final allocations will depend on the country's needs and its commitment to reform.
Furthermore, Ukraine may benefit from additional financial assistance granted through the multi-country 'umbrella programme': the incentive-based mechanism that rewards progress towards building deep and sustainable democracy by supplementary financial allocations ('more for more'). See more .
As part of the EU's €11 billion package supporting Ukraine in April 2015, the European Commission has adopted a €70 million Special Measure for Private Sector Development and Approximation. This measure is a response to the urgent need to support recovery and economic development in Ukraine. It will notably help SMEs across the regions of Ukraine, boosting jobs and growth. It will be complemented by a €40 million loan guarantee facility channelled through the Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF) which will also ease access to finance for Ukrainian businesses.
In 2007-2013, the EU committed €1 billion for bilateral assistance to Ukraine under the ENPI.
For more detail of assistance granted in previous years, please see 'Key documents'.
Ongoing programmes (under the ENPI) concentrate on support for the Association Agreement and the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (AA and DCFTA), and on reforms in energy, environment, transport, regional and rural development and migration. Support for public institutions and promotion of EU best practice are important elements of ongoing and future cooperation across all sectors.
Ukraine also participates in regional programmes funded under the ENPI/ENI (mainly in education, transport or border assistance), in the Eastern Partnership Flagship Initiatives, in cross-border cooperation and in initiatives open to all Neighbour countries: Erasmus+, TAIEX, SIGMA, and the Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF).
In addition to the ENI, Ukraine is also eligible for funding under the EU thematic programmes: the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights, Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace, Civil Society Organisations and Local Authorities, Human Development and Migration & Asylum.