The Association Agreement between the European Union and Algeria came into force in September 2005 and forms the legal basis for the EU-Algeria relationship.
The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) is the key EU financial instrument for EU cooperation with Algeria for the period 2014-2020.
Other funding sources in addition to the ENI are thematic cooperation programmes – for example on human rights, environment or civil society.
EU assistance to Algeria takes mainly the form of country Annual Action Programmes funded every year under the ENI. In addition, Algeria also benefits from regional and ENI Neighbourhood-wide cooperation programmes.
Algeria also benefits from funding under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for stability and addressing root causes of irregular migration and displaced persons in Africa. This Trust Fund support to the North of Africa area is managed by the Directorate General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations.
For 2014-2017, EU's total bilateral assistance to Algeria under the ENI may range between a minimum allocation of €121 million and a maximum allocation of €148 million. These figures are indicative: final allocations will depend on the country’s needs and commitment to reforms.
During this period, EU's bilateral assistance to Algeria will focus on three priority sectors:
- Justice reform and strengthening of citizen participation in public life
- Labour market reform and employment creation
- Support to the management and diversification of the economy
Complementary support for capacity development and civil society can also be provided also outside these priority sectors.
Key objectives, results and indicative financial allocations are outlined in the Single Support Framework 2014-17.In 2014, EU bilateral assistance under the ENI amounted to €26.3 million to support the justice sector (€9million), the media (€7.3 million) and professional education and training (€10 million).
In 2015, the ENI allocation amounted to €25 million and will provide support to the Government’s efforts to diversify the economy and improve the business climate (€17 million) and to support citizens’ participation in local public life (€8 million).
European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
For the period 2007 - 2013, the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) was the main EU financial instrument to fund development cooperation programmes with the Neighbourhood partner countries (including Algeria).
EU’s bilateral assistance committed for Algeria under the ENPI totals €366.1 million for 2007-2013. The ENPI has been replaced by the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) for the current financing period (2014 – 2020).
In addition, Algeria also benefits - since 2009 – from a wide range of twinning projects, which promote regulatory convergence through support provided by experts from Member States' to partner country Ministries.
Other budget lines
In addition to ENI cooperation programmes, Algeria also receives additional funding under several other EU thematic programmes and instruments: the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR), the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace, thematic programmes under the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) which cover among others the Civil Society Organisations and Local Authorities, Human Development and Migration & Asylum.
In addition, Algeria is also eligible under the Erasmus+ programme launched in 2014, which enhances mobility and cooperation with the European universities in the field of higher education.