In 2006 Montenegro's parliament declared independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. In 2008, the new country applied for EU membership.
In 2010, the Commission issued a favourable opinion on Montenegro's application(50 kB) , identifying 7 key priorities that would need to be addressed for negotiations to begin, and the Council granted it candidate status.
In December 2011, the Council launched the accession process with a view to opening negotiations in June 2012.
The accession negotiations with Montenegro started on 29 June 2012.
More information on the country's relations with the EU
Negotiations are opened on Chapters 12 – Food safety, veterinary and phytosanitary policy and 13 – Fisheries.
Negotiations are opened on Chapters 14 – Transport policy and 15 – Energy
Negotiations are opened on Chapters 9 – Financial services and 21 – TENs
Negotiations are opened on Chapters 16 – Taxation, 30 – External relations.
Negotiations are opened on Chapters 18 – Statistics, 28 – Consumer and health protection, 29 – Customs Union, 33 – Financial and budgetary provisions.
Negotiations are opened on Chapters 4 – Free movement of capitals, 31 – Foreign, security and defence policy 32 – Financial control
Negotiations are opened on Chapters 7 – Intellectual property rights, 10 – Information society and media
Opening of rule of law Chapters: Chapter 23 – Judiciary and fundamental rights and Chapter 24 – Justice, freedom and security
Accession conference - First chapter provisionally closed (Science and Research)
Accession negotiations with Montenegro started on 29 June 2012.
The European Council endorsed the Commission's assessment that Montenegro complies with the membership criteria and can start accession negotiations on 29 June 2012.
Council launches accession process with Montenegro in a view to open negotiations in June 2012
Council confirms Montenegro as candidate country
Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) enters into force
Visa requirement lifted for Montenegrins visiting the EU
Montenegro applies for EU membership
Agreements on trade and trade-related matters , visa facilitation and readmission enter into force
Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) signed in Luxembourg
Council adopts European Partnership for Montenegro
Montenegrin Parliament declares independence following 21 May referendum, in which 55.5% of participants voted in favour of independence