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2005 Enlargement Package Glossary for the Candidate & Potential Candidate Countries
 
 

Strategy paper:

The strategy paper presents the Commission’s overall enlargement policy for the candidate countries Croatia and Turkey, and the potential candidate countries in the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro and Kosovo ). For each country, the strategy paper takes up progress made, the accession and pre-accession strategy, and support to reforms such as EU assistance and financial instruments. It also outlines a road-map for realising the Western Balkan countries' perspective of EU membership, setting out the stages and the conditions attached to each stage.

Progress reports:

The Commission regularly submits to the Council reports on the progress made by candidate and potential candidate countries on their road towards the EU, including implementation and enforcement of EU standards. These reports serve as the basis for the findings and recommendations made by the Commission in the strategy paper and are aimed at allowing the European Council to take decisions on further steps.

Progress reports are presented for: Croatia, Turkey, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro and Kosovo(1).

Accession Partnerships:

The Accession Partnerships present concrete actions for the necessary reforms in the candidate countries. They set out short-tem and medium-term priorities for preparing for EU membership. The countries are expected to develop an action plan and a time plan according to these priorities. EU assistance is targeted to the Partnership priorities. The Accession Partnerships are regularly up-dated in order to adjust priorities to the countries' specific needs and stage of preparation.

Accession Partnerships are presented for: Croatia and Turkey.

European Partnerships:

The European Partnerships are modelled on the Accession Partnerships. They guide the reforms in the potential candidate countries by indicating the concrete priority actions needed to achieve progress for the short and medium-term. The EU requests the countries to develop a plan with a timetable and specific measures to address these priorities. EU assistance is targeted to the Partnership priorities. The European Partnerships are regularly up-dated in order to adjust priorities to the countries' specific needs and stage of preparation.

European Partnerships are presented for: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro including Kosovo(1).

Commission Opinion:

The Commission Opinion on the application from a country for EU membership analyses the situation of the country in relation to the EU accession criteria. It also constitutes a forward-looking analysis of the country’s expected progress. It is based on information provided by the country, assessments made by Member States, reports and resolutions of the European Parliament and reports of international organisations. It serves as a basis for the European Council to response to the country's application for EU membership.

The Commission’s Opinion is presented for the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.

 



(1) As governed under the UN Security Council Resolution 1244.
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