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Chapter 20 - Culture and Audiovisual Policy
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December 2004

Background

The focus of this chapter is alignment by the Candidate Countries with the "Television Without Frontiers" Directive. The Directive establishes the legal frame of reference for the free movement of television broadcasting services in the Union in order to promote the development of a European market in broadcasting and related activities, such as television advertising and the production of audiovisual programmes.

To this end the Directive provides for the Community co-ordination of national legislation in the following areas: law applicable to television broadcasts; promoting the production and distribution of European works; access of the public to major (sports) events; television advertising and sponsorship; protection of minors; and the right of reply.

Two Community programmes, MEDIA plus and Culture 2000 fall naturally within the remit of this chapter but are not themselves the subject of negotiations. Participation by Candidate Countries in the two programmes is envisaged; to participate in MEDIA plus will require alignment with the audiovisual acquis.

The MEDIA Programme (2001 - 2005) aims at strengthening the competitiveness of the European audiovisual industry with a series support measures dealing with training of professionals, development of production projects, distribution and promotion of cinematographic works and audiovisual programmes.

The Culture 2000 programme supports artistic and cultural projects that have a European dimension, both in their conceptual stage and in the organisation of and participation in the project. Activities supported so far have included festivals, co-productions, masterclasses, exhibitions, artistic creations, tours, and conferences. They address artists and cultural operators as well as a broader audience, including young people and socially and economically underprivileged groups.

State of Play

This chapter has been opened with all twelve candidate countries. It was closed with 10 countries in December 2002 and with Bulgaria and Romania in December 2004.

Compliance with the acquis

The latest assessment of each candidate country’s compliance with the acquis under this chapter heading, can be found in the 2004 Regular Reports and in the Comprehensive Monitoring Reports, available at:
http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/archives/key_documents/reports_2004_en.htm.

Country by Country

Bulgaria

  • Chapter opened: May 2000
  • Status: closed in December 2004 (provisionally closed in November 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Cyprus (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: September 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Czech Republic (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: October 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in June 2001)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Estonia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: October 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Hungary (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: November 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in July 2002)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Latvia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: May 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in March 2001)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Lithuania (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: May 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in December 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Malta (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: May 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Poland (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: November 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in December 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Romania

  • Chapter opened: October 2000
  • Status: closed in December 2004 (provisionally closed in December 2002)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Slovak Republic (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: May 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in November 2000 )
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Slovenia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: October 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in May 2001)
  • Transitional arrangements: none 
- updated: 17/12/2004
 
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