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Chapter 18 - Education and Training
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December 2004

Background

Education, training and youth is primarily the competence of the Member States. The Community's acquis consists of a 1977 Directive (education of the children of migrant workers), action programmes and Conclusions, Resolutions or Declarations of the Council or the Council and the Ministers of Education meeting within the Council on various issues (e.g. equality of opportunity, illiteracy, safety in schools, facilities for minorities, etc.). Moreover, two bodies have been set up, the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (CEDEFOP) and the European Training Foundation.

Co-operation with the EU is well established within the framework of the Europe Agreement. Appropriate legislation is in place in candidate countries to enable them to participate in the Community Programmes related to this chapter. Given that the ten Central European countries, Cyprus and Malta are already participating in the Community programmes in the domain of education, training, and youth, a National Agency already exists in these countries. This participation should enhance the effective implementation of the acquis and represent a good preparation for the accession.

The twelve candidate countries have taken due account of the need to ensure effective implementation of the Directive on the education of children of migrant workers by the time of accession.

This Directive applies to children for whom school attendance is compulsory under the laws of the host State, who are dependants of any worker who is a national of another Member State, where such children are resident in the territory of the Member State in which that national carries on or has carried on an activity as an employed person. Member States need, in accordance with their national circumstances and legal systems, take appropriate measures to ensure that free tuition to facilitate initial reception is offered in their territory to these children, including, in particular, the teaching - adapted to the specific needs of such children - of the official language or one of the official languages of the host State. Member States shall take the measures necessary for the training and further training of the teachers who are to provide this tuition. Furthermore, Member States need, in accordance with their national circumstances and legal systems, and in cooperation with States of origin, take appropriate measures to promote, in coordination with normal education, teaching of the mother tongue and culture of the country of origin for these children.

State of play

This chapter has been negotiated with the twelve candidate countries and was closed with 10 countries in December 2002. It has been provisionally closed with Bulgaria and Romania in May 2000 and definitely closed with both countries in December 2004.

Compliance with the acquis

The latest assessment of each candidate country’s compliance with the acquis under this chapter heading, can be found in the 2004 Regular Reports and in the Comprehensive Monitoring Reports, available at:
http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/archives/key_documents/reports_2004_en.htm.

Country by country

Bulgaria

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: closed in December 2004 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Cyprus (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Czech Republic (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Estonia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Hungary (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Latvia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Lithuania (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Malta (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Poland (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Romania

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: closed in December 2004 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Slovakia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Slovenia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none
- updated: 17/12/2004
 
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