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Chapter 17 - Science and Research
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December 2004

Background

The acquis consists of a large number of Council and Commission Decisions concerning two areas:

  1. Framework Programmes of European Community activities in the field of research, technological development and demonstration and of the European Atomic Energy Community for research and training activities;
  2. Science and Technology Co-operation agreements with third countries.

The Framework Programme (FP) is the Union's main instrument for the funding of research in Europe. Proposed by the Commission and adopted by the Council and Parliament in co-decision, it is open to all public and private entities, large or small.

All candidate countries (apart from Turkey) were already associated to the 5th EC Framework Programme (1998-2002) and some of them also to the 5th Euratom Framework Programme. The 6th Framework Programme (2002-2006) was adopted on 27.06.2002 (OJ L231/1 of 29.8.02), specific programmes on 30.09.2002 (OJ L294/1 of 29.10.02) and participation rules on 9.10.2002. The overall budget covering the four-year period 2003-2006 is 17,5 billion (EC: 16,27 billion + Euratom 1,23 billion).

All 13 candidate countries have expressed interest in joining the 6th EC Framework Programme and seven of them (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Romania Slovakia and Slovenia) also in joining the 6th Euratom Framework Programme. Relevant Memoranda of Understanding have been signed on 29.10.2002.

Traditional actions under previous Framework Programmes continue (such as active participation of SMEs). However, FP6 represents a quantum leap beyond simply funding projects. It is one of principal instruments for the development of the European Research Area. It aims at scientific excellence, improved competitiveness and innovation through the promotion of increased co-operation, greater complementarity and improved co-ordination between relevant actors, at all levels.

Due to its specificity, the acquis in the field of science and research does not require any transposition in the national legal order.

Implementation capacity does not relate to the application and enforcement of legal provisions, but rather to the existence of the necessary conditions for effective participation in activities under the 5th Framework programme. These conditions depend on many factors such as existence of necessary infrastructures, effective functioning of institutions implicated and links between them, quality of researchers and their collaboration capacities, etc. In addition, the state and private institutions need to be able to provide the necessary matching funds.

Co-operation in the filed of science and technology is well established, a network of National Contact Points (NCP) has been established in each of these countries and the necessary financial and institutional conditions for participation in the Framework Programme of the EU have been set up.

For all candidate countries, a reinforcement of the research related administration capabilities as well as the strengthening of the research infrastructure is necessary to ensure a more successful participation in the Framework Programme (implementing capacity).

State of play

This chapter has been negotiated with the twelve candidate countries and was closed with 10 countries in December 2002. The chapter has been provisionally closed with Bulgaria and Romania in May 2000 and definitely closed with both countries in December 2004.

Compliance with the acquis

The latest assessment of each candidate country’s compliance with the acquis under this chapter heading, can be found in the 2004 Regular Reports and in the Comprehensive Monitoring Reports, available at:
http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/archives/key_documents/reports_2004_en.htm.

Country by country

Bulgaria

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: closed in December 2004 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Cyprus (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Czech Republic (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Estonia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Hungary (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Latvia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Lithuania (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Malta (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Poland (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Romania

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: closed in December 2004 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Slovakia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: first half of 2000
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in May 2000)
  • Transitional arrangements: none

Slovenia (New Member State)

  • Chapter opened: second half of 1998
  • Status: Closed December 2002 (provisionally closed in October 1998)
  • Transitional arrangements: none
- updated: 17/12/2004
 
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