Energy

Studies

Studies

Impact assessment support study on: Policies for DSOs, Distribution Tariffs and Data Handling

Markets and consumers
12/2016

The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of different policy options in the fields of distribution systems, distribution network tariffs and data handling, in the context the overall Impact Assessment of the Market Design Initiative.

Study

Electricity Market Functioning: Current Distortions, and How to Model Their Removal

Markets and consumers
12/2016

The Commission has been reviewing the regulatory framework of the EU's electricity markets, in its Market Design Initiative. This review led to the adoption of a set of new legislative measures as part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.
This study aimed to provide input into the Impact Assessment supporting the new legislative proposals for a new market design. It focussed on providing insight and data for the modelled scenarios and on providing advice on the modelling approach used in the Commission's in-house modelling tools, namely PRIMES and METIS.

Study

Study on evaluating the implementation of Article 7 of the Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency

Energy Efficiency
12/2016

According to Article 24(9) of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency (EED), the Commission had to evaluate the implementation of Article 7 (on energy efficiency obligation schemes and alternative measures). Under Article 7 Member States are required to achieve end-use energy savings by end 2020. This study provides a quantitative assessment of how that obligation is being met and assesses whether the established framework allows the effective achievement of the required savings. The most commonly used policy measures are analysed in more detail and presented as cases studies in Appendix 4. This analysis fed into the evaluation and the impact assessment of the EED review.

Report

Case studies

Study on evaluating fiscal measures in the national policies and methodologies to implement Article 7 of the Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency

Energy Efficiency
12/2016

The study assesses the energy savings from fiscal measures notified under Article 7(9) of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency (EED). It looks at energy and CO2 taxation measures in more detail for a limited number of Member States. A set of elements and aspects relevant for the methodologies applying to the fiscal measures is proposed in view of the implementation of Article 7.

Report

Study on costs and benefits of energy efficiency obligation schemes

Energy Efficiency
12/2016

The study explores and presents findings on the costs and benefits of energy efficiency obligations schemes implemented under Article 7 of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency. The data is presented for a number Member States, and the findings of this study were fed into the EED Review process.

Report

Review of the default primary energy factor (PEF) reflecting the estimated average EU genera-tion efficiency referred to in Annex IV of Directive 2012/27/EU and possible extension of the approach to other energy carriers

Energy Efficiency
12/2016

This study has been a relevant input to the review of the primary energy factor (PEF) for electricity, in the context of the Energy Efficiency Directive 27/2012/EU. The authors focus on four calculation methods following exchange with the European Commission's services, Member States representatives and European associations.

Report

Study on Quo vadis gas market regulatory framework

Energy strategy, Oil, gas and coal
11/2016

The aim of the study is to provide substantiated analysis as to whether the current regulatory framework in the EU gas sector is the most effective in order to maximise overall EU welfare or whether amendments may be necessary, and if so provide recommendations. Read the related discussion papers. These discussion papers will serve as input to the study and as basis for discussion. Send your comments on the discussion papers by 16 January 2017.

Please note that comments received from stakeholders in conjunction with the discussion papers can and will not influence the ongoing selection process of the submitted consultant proposals which is the sole prerogative of DG Energy.

Integration of electricity balancing markets and regional procurement of balancing reserves

Markets and consumers
11/2016

This report sets out an assessment of the costs and benefits associated with options to integrate national electricity balancing markets across the EU. The integration of electricity balancing markets is essential to the creation of a well-functioning Internal Electricity Market, and therefore an important step towards realising a common market for electricity. By presenting analysis on the nature and scale of the costs and benefits realised under alternative options for integration, this report will help inform EU policy on market integration to the ultimate benefits of its citizens.

Report

Decomposing biofuel feedstock crops and estimating their ILUC effects

Renewable energy
08/2016

The project aims to estimate the indirect land use change impact of feedstock components as an alternative to the feedstock – specific evaluation conducted so far.

Report | Annex I | Annex II  

Trinomics' study in support of the mid-term evaluation of the functioning and implementation of Council Directive 2009/119/EC

Oil, gas and coal
08/2016

This study has been carried out to assess the functioning and implementation of Directive 2009/119/EC  imposing an obligation on Member States to maintain minimum stocks of crude oil and/or petroleum products.

Study

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