Energy

Studies

Studies

The Macroeconomic and Other Benefits of Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency
02/2017

This report sets out the impacts of improvements in energy efficiency in buildings that could come about through the revision of the Energy Performance Buildings Directive (EPBD). It covers potential costs as well as benefits but shows that, for the EU as a whole and for most of its Member States, the benefits largely outweigh the costs. These benefits cover all three of the economic, social and environmental spheres.

Report

Study on Member State Notifications on Investment Projects in Energy Infrastructure, according to Regulation (EU) 256/2014 (exercise 2015)

Infrastructure
02/2017

The purpose of the study was to assess the notifications received from Member States about investment projects in energy infrastructure for accuracy and completeness by comparing them with independent sources. It covers the 2015 notifications exercise, but input from the three previous exercises was used as background. The analysis also contributed data on Member States that did not report to the Commission, in order to show an EU-wide, sector-specific overview of investments. It also considers research-based estimates of upcoming investments in energy infrastructure, quantified both in capacity and in monetary terms. The latter is not requested by Regulation 256. In sum, the study is a thorough update on both current and planned energy infrastructure at EU, Member State and sector levels. Its conclusion focuses on the added value of the information supplied by the Member States under this reporting scheme.

Study

Cost-Effective Financing Structures for Mature Projects of Common Interest (PCIs) in Energy

Infrastructure
02/2017

Despite existing public support programmes, many PCIs in energy infrastructure are still delayed because of obstacles in financing. Many projects are not reaching the bankability stage. Both investment volumes and project complexity often exceed the capacities of the involved transmission system operators (TSOs). For this study, four electricity and gas TSOs were selected to receive support in mastering their PCI-related financing challenges.

Study

High Biofuel Blends in Aviation

Renewable energy
02/2017

The purpose of this research was to analyse the properties of bio kerosene blends with various samples of conventional kerosene, with a focus on blends with high percentages of bio kerosene.

Report

Preparatory Study for the Fitness Check Evaluation of Planning and Reporting obligations in the EU energy acquis and for an Impact Assessment for legislative proposals on streamlining (Energy Union Governance)

Energy strategy
02/2017

The study analyses the planning, reporting and monitoring obligations in the EU energy acquis in order to contribute to the Commission's related Fitness Check. The study collects and analyses evidence, both qualitatively and quantitatively, on the existing obligations and their costs and benefits, and uses the five Better Regulation criteria of effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, coherence and EU added value to assess the obligations. Furthermore, the study assesses policy options for streamlining and integrating these planning, reporting and monitoring obligations into integrated national energy and climate plans, integrated progress reports and integrated monitoring, as envisaged in the Energy Union Strategy, in order to contribute to the Commission's related Impact Assessment.

Study

Framework for cross-border participation in capacity mechanisms

Markets and consumers
01/2017

The study describes and assesses different options for cross-border participation in capacity mechanisms, in particular with regards to the quantification of costs and benefits of each of the options. This study provided input to the Impact Assessment supporting the legislative proposal for a new market design which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.

Study

Study on the impact assessment for a new Directive mainstreaming deployment of renewable energy and ensuring that the EU meets its 2030 renewable energy target

Renewable energy
01/2017

The study "Mainstreaming RES" (ENER/C1/2014-668) assesses various options for (i) EU-wide measures and policies aimed at mainstreaming renewable energy in the EU across all energy sectors including heating and cooling and transport (it also considers administrative barriers and access to and costs of finance), and (ii) ensuring that the EU achieves its renewable target of at least 27% in 2030. This study provided input to the Impact Assessment supporting the legislative proposal for a recast of the Renewable Energy Directive, which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.

Study

Study on supporting investments into renewable electricity in context of deep market integration of RES-e after 2020

Renewable energy
01/2017

The study "Supporting investments into renewable electricity after 2020" (ENER/C1/2015-394) asks what the likely paths of EU electricity market developments through to 2050 will be, and how RES-e shares are likely to evolve under those scenarios. Assuming an energy-only market (EOM) as the only source of revenue, what are the likely market revenues for each type of RES-e (in the case of no financial support from public funds)? The study also considers how sensitive these estimates are to key variables, including carbon prices and the amount and design of capacity remuneration mechanisms (CRMs). It provided input to the Impact Assessment supporting the legislative proposal for a recast of the Renewable Energy Directive which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.

Study

Specific guidance for sub-metering of thermal energy in multi-unit buildings (implementation of Articles 9-11 of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency (updated version))

Energy Efficiency
01/2017

Following the first publication in June 2016, the detailed guidance on good practice in cost-effective cost allocation and billing of individual consumption of heating, cooling and domestic hot water in multi-apartment and multi-purpose buildings has been revised to take account of further stakeholder comments and suggestions received at a number of workshops held in the second half of 2016.

Guidance

Evaluation of the Project Development Assistance implemented under the Intelligent Energy Europe

Energy Efficiency
01/2017

The study analyses the outputs, results and outcomes of Project Development Activities co-funded under the Intelligent Energy Europe Programme (IEE II) that aim to mobilise investments in sustainable energy at a local level. The analysis was performed via a deep data collection carried out in collaboration with the Managing Entities and 54 project beneficiaries across the EU.

Report | Executive summary

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