The study "Mainstreaming RES" (ENER/C1/2014-668) assesses various options for (i) EU-wide measures and policies aimed at mainstreaming renewable energy in the EU across all energy sectors including heating and cooling and transport (it also considers administrative barriers and access to and costs of finance), and (ii) ensuring that the EU achieves its renewable target of at least 27% in 2030. This study provided input to the Impact Assessment supporting the legislative proposal for a recast of the Renewable Energy Directive, which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.
The study "Supporting investments into renewable electricity after 2020" (ENER/C1/2015-394) asks what the likely paths of EU electricity market developments through to 2050 will be, and how RES-e shares are likely to evolve under those scenarios. Assuming an energy-only market (EOM) as the only source of revenue, what are the likely market revenues for each type of RES-e (in the case of no financial support from public funds)? The study also considers how sensitive these estimates are to key variables, including carbon prices and the amount and design of capacity remuneration mechanisms (CRMs). It provided input to the Impact Assessment supporting the legislative proposal for a recast of the Renewable Energy Directive which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.
Following the first publication in June 2016, the detailed guidance on good practice in cost-effective cost allocation and billing of individual consumption of heating, cooling and domestic hot water in multi-apartment and multi-purpose buildings has been revised to take account of further stakeholder comments and suggestions received at a number of workshops held in the second half of 2016.
The study analyses the outputs, results and outcomes of Project Development Activities co-funded under the Intelligent Energy Europe Programme (IEE II) that aim to mobilise investments in sustainable energy at a local level. The analysis was performed via a deep data collection carried out in collaboration with the Managing Entities and 54 project beneficiaries across the EU.
This report outlines the results of the analysis performed on evidence from the cases of smart cities and solutions, assessing the main features impacting opportunities for rolling out integrated smart city solutions. It ultimately aims to use the analysis of SCC (Smart Cities and Communities) solutions to promote a better understanding of success factors for their deployment and roll-out.
This study identifies good practices in the delivery of low-cost energy efficiency measures, to low-income households in particular, and investigates how it may be possible to replicate them on a larger scale. In addition, the study considers the role that EU funds can have in financing schemes providing low-cost measures to low-income households and it provides some recommendations for the replication, design and delivery of such schemes.
The study analyses the developments of retail energy prices in the EU and the factors driving prices. It also looks at the impact of energy prices on the budgets of European households and how energy costs affect European industry and its competitiveness, particularly for energy intensive industries. The report also provides international comparisons of energy prices and costs. This study provided input to the report on the "Energy prices and costs in Europe" which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.
The study analyses the current situation with regard to demand response in Europe, projects how demand response is likely to develop under current conditions and assesses alternative policy options in response to identified market barriers. This study provided input to the Impact Assessment supporting the legislative proposal for a new market design which is part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.
The Commission has been reviewing the regulatory framework of the EU's electricity markets, in its Market Design Initiative. This review led to the adoption of a set of new legislative measures as part of the Commission's "Clean Energy for All Europeans" package.
This study aimed to provide input into the Impact Assessment supporting the new legislative proposals for a new market design. It focussed on providing insight and data for the modelled scenarios and on providing advice on the modelling approach used in the Commission's in-house modelling tools, namely PRIMES and METIS.
According to Article 24(9) of Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency (EED), the Commission had to evaluate the implementation of Article 7 (on energy efficiency obligation schemes and alternative measures). Under Article 7 Member States are required to achieve end-use energy savings by end 2020. This study provides a quantitative assessment of how that obligation is being met and assesses whether the established framework allows the effective achievement of the required savings. The most commonly used policy measures are analysed in more detail and presented as cases studies in Appendix 4. This analysis fed into the evaluation and the impact assessment of the EED review.