Depending on the design and characteristics, gas storage increases the sources of supply in times of high demand (e.g. due to seasonal variation) and contributes to the functioning of the gas market by providing short term flexibility. The study provides an in-depth analysis targeting the potential of gas storage for supporting the security of gas supplies.
The CO2StoP project created a database of locations and capacities of underground geological formations in Europe that could be used to store CO 2. It also created a tool to calculate the fraction of the theoretical storage capacity that can be accessed using all currently available technologies regardless of cost, producing estimates very similar to the Technically Accessible CO 2 Storage Resource (TASR) used by the US Geological Survey. This study summarises the results of the CO2Stop project.
The undergoing changes in the power system with the integration of more variable RES will increase the need for flexibility. Distributed Energy Resources (DER) can provide services to fill flexibility gaps on the local and on the transmission level. The technologies needed are available, the challenge is to adjust to the institutional set-up and the technical environment to make them market ready. This study focuses on the efficient market integration of Distributed Energy Resources in order to provide flexibility to the power system.
Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings (EPBD) defines the energy performance of a building as the energy needed to meet the energy demand associated with the ‘typical use’ of the building. An appropriate method to measure and calculate the intrinsic performance of buildings is necessary to further elaborate any policies in that field (minimum requirements, rating for certification purposes, etc.). Directive 2010/31/EU leaves the responsibility to adopt the calculation methodology to the Member States, at national or regional level, as far as the methodology fulfils the common general framework laid down in its Annex I.
The purpose of this study is to provide the Commission with structured descriptions of national/regional calculation methodologies under Directive 2010/31/EU, whether these calculation methodologies comply with the general framework of Annex I and whether these could be transparently described using the set of EPBD standards that CEN is currently developing under Mandate M/480