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Renewable energy

Action Plans & Forecasts

Article 4 of Directive 2009/28/EC on Renewable Energy requires Member States to submit national renewable energy Action Plans by 30 June 2010. These plans, to be prepared in accordance with the template published by the European Commission (EC), provide detailed roadmaps of how each Member State expects to reach its legally binding 2020 target for the share of renewable energy in their final energy consumption.

National renewable energy action plans

Member States have notified their national renewable energy action plans to the EC by 30 June 2010. Member States set out the sectoral targets, the technology mix they expect to use, the trajectory they will follow and the measures and reforms they will undertake to overcome the barriers to developing renewable energy. 

Notice : Reports have been submitted in the language of the respective Member State, which is the sole authentic version. Translations into the English language are being provided for information purposes only. The EC does not guarantee the accuracy of the data or information provided in these translations, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.

The EC evaluated the plans, assessing their completeness and credibility. In addition, the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands was contracted by the European Environment Agency to create an external database (ECN) and quantitative report of the reports.

EEA countries


Each Member State has published and notified the EC, six months before its national renewable energy action plan is due, a forecast document.

According to their forecast documents, ten Member States expect to exceed their national targets for renewable energy, and five expect to need to use the Directive's cooperation mechanisms and reach their target by developing some renewable energy in another Member State or a third country. Whilst Member States expect to use the cooperation mechanisms for only a small amount of energy (around 2-3 mtoe), the forecast total production of renewable energy would exceed the 20% target and reach 20.3%.