News feeds

Nuclear energy

Studies

The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.

Copyright in these studies is held by the European Union. Persons wishing to use the contents of these studies (in whole or in part) for purposes other than their personal use are invited to submit a written request to the following address: European Commission - Energy DG Library (DM28, 0/36) - B-1049 Brussels or by electronic form

Nuclear installation safety

Radioactive waste management

Decommissioning of nuclear installations

Rehabilitation of contaminated territories (including radiological consequences and impact)

Nuclear installation safety

EUR reports

EUR numberReport titleYear
16802Common position of European regulators on qualification of NDT systems for pre- and in-service inspection of light water reactor components - Synopsis pdf - 15 KB [15 KB] 1997
17563Guideline for the Evaluation of European Practices on the Harsh Environment Qualification of Electrical and I&C Equipment - Synopsis pdf - 14 KB [14 KB] 1998
17567 pdf - 342 KB [342 KB] Current Status of Probabilistic Safety Assessments for Soviet Designed Reactors1999
17574Leak before break assessment of pressurised components - Synopsis pdf - 13 KB [13 KB] 1998
18158European Nuclear Regulators' Current Requirements and Practices for the Licensing of Safety Critical Software for Nuclear Reactors - Synopsis pdf - 13 KB [13 KB] 1998
18549 pdf - 308 KB [308 KB] European safety practices on the application of the Leak Before Break (LBB) concept2000
18550Benchmark exercise on the probabilistic safety assessment of steam generator tube rupture radiological releases - Synopsis pdf - 15 KB [15 KB] 1999
19153 pdf - 231 KB [231 KB] Report on risk-informed in-service inspection and in-service testing1999
19256 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] Fuel cladding failure criteria2000
19265 pdf - 308 KB [308 KB] Common position of European nuclear regulators for the licensing of safety critical software for nuclear reactors2000
19841 pdf - 4 MB [4 MB] Determination of the in-containment source term for a Large-Break Loss of Coolant Accident2001
19843 pdf - 4 MB [4 MB] Safe management of NPP ageing in the European Union2001
19895 pdf - 148 KB [148 KB] Nuclear Safety in Central and Eastern Europe - Annex 1 pdf - 256 KB [256 KB] - Annex 2 pdf - 702 KB [702 KB] - Annex 3 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] - Annex 4 pdf - 665 KB [665 KB] - Annex 5 pdf - 400 KB [400 KB] - Annex 6 pdf - 337 KB [337 KB] - Annex 7 pdf - 553 KB [553 KB] - Annex 8 pdf - 682 KB [682 KB] - Annex 9.1 pdf - 21 KB [21 KB] - Annex 9.2 pdf - 172 KB [172 KB] - Annex 9.3 pdf - 129 KB [129 KB] - Annex 9.4 pdf - 21 KB [21 KB] - Annex 9.5 pdf - 415 KB [415 KB] - Annex 10 pdf - 477 KB [477 KB] 2001
20055 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] 25 Years of Community Activities towards Harmonisation of Nuclear Safety Criteria and Requirements - Achievements and Prospects2001
20056 pdf - 6 MB [6 MB] Main Characteristics of Nuclear Power Plants in the European Union and Candidate Countries2001
20163 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] TSO Study Project on Development of a Common Safety Approach in the EU for Large Evolutionary
Pressurised Water Reactors
2001
20164 pdf - 135 KB [135 KB] RIBA PROJECT - Risk-Informed approach for In-Service Inspection of Nuclear Power Plant Components (Project Summary) - Task 1 pdf - 733 KB [733 KB] - Task 2 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] - Task 3 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] 2001
20311 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] Study on European Nuclear Safety Practices during Planned Outages at Nuclear Power Plants2002
20431 pdf - 140 KB [140 KB] Regulatory Assessment of the Effects of Economic Deregulation of the Nuclear Industry2003
20818 pdf - 205 KB [205 KB] 30 Years off NRWG activities towards harmonisation of nuclear safety criteria and requirements2003
20819 pdf - 164 KB [164 KB] Report on the Regulators' Experience of NDT Qualification for In-service Inspection of Nuclear Components2003
21320 pdf - 347 KB [347 KB] Report on the Regulatory Experience of Risk-Informed In-service Inspection of Nuclear Power Plant Components and Common Views (consensus document) 2004

Top

Nuclear installation safety

Other publications 

TitleYear
Preparatory work for an indicative program related to ageing issues pdf - 260 KB [260 KB] 1997

Top

Nuclear installation safety

Conference papers and articles

 TitleYear
Nuclear Safety in an enlarged European Union. The European Commission's "Nuclear Package" pdf - 37 KB [37 KB] - Article published in the November 2003 issue of "The Nuclear Engineer" (Journal of the Institution of Nuclear Engineers, S&K Publishing, UK) 2003

The Proposals of the European Commission for Council Directive on Nuclear Safety pdf - "Deutsches Atomrechts-Symposium" Cologne, 7- 8 October 2003

 2003

Nuclear Safety in the Eastern Countries pdf - GMF - Group of European Municipalities in nuclear areas for the Future; European Conference: Nuclear plants and local democracy - municipalities around nuclear power plants; Brussels, 2 - 3 February 2000

 2000

Top

 

Radioactive waste management

EUR reports

EUR numberReport titleYear
12570Objectives, standards and criteria for radioactive waste disposal in the European Community (Euradwaste series No 1)1990
12879 pdf - 1007 KB [1007 KB] Radioactive Waste Equivalence (Euradwaste series No 3)1990
16745Application of procedures and disposal criteria developed for nuclear waste packages to cases involving chemical toxicity1996
16916Inventory of radioactive waste and spent fuel at the Kola Peninsula region of Northwest Russia1996
16945Analysis of radioactive waste vitrification practices in the Commonwealth of Independent States1996
16956Approaches for regulating management of large volumes of waste containing natural radionuclides in enhanced concentrations1996
16960Management of spent radiation sources in the European Union: quantities, storage, recycling and disposal1996
17240 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] Criteria for establishing harmonised categories of waste based on the storage and disposal route1996
17241 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] Elements for assessing the equivalence between radioactive waste materials1996
17621Current practice of dealing with natural radioactivity from oil and gas production in EU Member States1997
17624 pdf - 417 KB [417 KB] Handbook on measurement methods and strategies at very low levels and activities1998
17625Materials containing natural radionuclides in enhanced concentrations1997
17631Feasibility study for an underground repository for long-lived non-heat-generating radioactive waste in Ukraine1999
17633Evaluation of the suitability of the sites and facilities at Degelen and Azgir in the Republic of Kazakhstan as a final repository for radioactive waste1998
18185 pdf - 646 KB [646 KB] Schemes for financing radioactive waste storage and disposal - Annex pdf - 230 KB [230 KB] 1999
18186 pdf - 678 KB [678 KB] Management and disposal of Disused Sealed Radioactive Sources in the European Union2000
18187Safety case for geological disposal of high-level radioactive waste - follow-up to the « desk simulation Â» licence application studies1998
18191Management of sealed radioactive sources produced and sold in the Russian Federation1999
18211 pdf - 8 MB [8 MB] Assessment of the consequences of the presence of toxic elements in some common radioactive waste streams1999
18213Minimisation of waste in the field of common home and industrial products with a significant radionuclide content1998
18324 pdf - 122 KB [122 KB] Radioactive waste categories - Current position (1998) in the EU Member States and in the Baltic and central European countries1998
18861Management of radioactive waste in medical establishments1999
19152 pdf - 487 KB [487 KB] Environmental Impact Assessments and geological repositories for radioactive waste Vol.1 - Vol.2 pdf - 5 MB [5 MB] - Vol.3 pdf - 443 KB [443 KB] - Vol.4 pdf - 315 KB [315 KB] 1999
19154 pdf - 376 KB [376 KB] Radioactive waste management in the Central and Eastern European Countries1999
19254 pdf - 480 KB [480 KB] Management of radioactive waste arising from medical establishments in the European Union2000
19255 pdf - 274 KB [274 KB] Radiological impact due to wastes containing radionuclides from use and treatment of water2000
19257 pdf - 279 KB [279 KB] Comparative cost assessment of locally installed versus centralised facilities for radioactive wastes thermal treatment systems2000
19258 pdf - 413 KB [413 KB] Preliminary evaluation of spent fuel storage at Magurele Romania2000
19259 pdf - 249 KB [249 KB] Report on the Magurele Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant (Romania)2000
19260 pdf - 453 KB [453 KB] Use of the existing buildings of the Püspökszilàgy radioactive waste treatment and disposal facility for temporary storage of radioactive wastes (Hungary)2000
19261 pdf - 403 KB [403 KB] Preliminary study for an EIA for defuelling Russian submarines at Zvezdochka (NW Russia)2000
19262 pdf - 612 KB [612 KB] Assessment of situation and disposal concepts for radioactive waste arisings from reprocessing operations in Chelyabinsk-65 (Mayak)2000
19263 pdf - 408 KB [408 KB] Contact Expert Group: Working Group on Russian Strategy on Management of Radwaste & SNF - Excecutive Summary pdf - 58 KB [58 KB] 2000
19264 pdf - 326 KB [326 KB] Natural radionuclide concentrations in materials processed in the chemical industry and the related radiological impact2000
19842 pdf - 4 MB [4 MB] Management of Spent Sealed Radioactive Sources in Central and Eastern Europe (Czech Rep., Estonia, Hungary, Poland & Slovenia)2001
19844 pdf - 4 MB [4 MB] Characterisation of Radioactive Waste located at "Shelter" Industrial Site2001
19896 pdf - 729 KB [729 KB] Support in the development of Regulatory Procedures for licensing Lepse Waste Management Operations2001
19897 pdf - 10 MB [10 MB] Review and Analysis of Solid Long-lived and High Level Radioactive Waste arising at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant and the Restricted Zone2001
20052 pdf - 4 MB [4 MB] Feasibility study of a waste assay system and the possibility of volume reduction at the Püspökszilàgy RWTDF2001
20053 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] Assessment of the Proposed Design of a New Spent Sealed Radioactive Sources Storage Facility at Novi Han2001
20054 pdf - 22 KB [22 KB] Long-Term Safety Analysis of Baldone Radioactive Waste Repository and Updating of Waste Acceptance Criteria - Main Report pdf - 183 KB [183 KB] - Annex 1 pdf - 347 KB [347 KB] ( App. A pdf - 71 KB [71 KB] , App. B pdf - 8 KB [8 KB] , App. C pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] , App. D pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] , App. E pdf - 157 KB [157 KB] ) - Annex 2 pdf - 117 KB [117 KB] - Annex 3 pdf - 53 KB [53 KB] - Annex 4 pdf - 130 KB [130 KB] - Annexx 5 pdf - 10 KB [10 KB] - Annex 6 pdf - 6 MB [6 MB] 2001
20653 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] All available translations.Fifth Situation Report - Radioactive Waste Management in the Enlarged European Union2003
20654 pdf - 3 MB [3 MB] Management of Spent Sealed Radioactive Sources in Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania and Slovakia2003
20655 pdf - 41 KB [41 KB] Detailed description of a new management system for solid, short-lived low and intermediate level radioactive waste at Ignalina NPP - Part 1 pdf - 430 KB [430 KB] - Part 2 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] - Part 3 pdf - 194 KB [194 KB] - Part 4 pdf - 449 KB [449 KB] 2002
20656 pdf - 4 MB [4 MB] Assessment and Upgrading of the Novi Han Monitoring System2002

Top

 

Radioactive waste management

Other publications

 TitleYear
Special Eurobarometer on Radioactive wasteAll available translations. pdf, June 2005
SummaryAll available translations.European citizens' opinions towards radioactive waste: an updated reviewAll available translations.(June 2006)
2005
The Management of Radioactive Waste in the European Union - Opinions, Situation and Proposal for Changes pdf - 93 KB [93 KB] - American Society of Civil Engineers, January 20052005
Public opinion, public information and public involvement in radioactive waste management in the European Union pdf - 369 KB [369 KB] All available translations.- Nuclear España- Riesgo Precaución y Prevención, September 20042004
Environmental Impact Assessment in Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste and in Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities pdf - 269 KB [269 KB] - NRG, study contract report2002
Europeans and Radioactive Waste pdf - 597 KB [597 KB] - A report of the results of the Eurobarometer public opinion survey on radioactive waste conducted in autumn 20012002
A study of different quantities of waste types relative to radioactive wastes pdf - 110 KB [110 KB] - Produced by the consultancy STEP (France) under a study contract1999

A New Approach to Performance Assessment of Barriers in a Repository pdf - 5 MB [5 MB] - Produced by DBE (Germany) with the aid of a financial contribution from DG-Environment - Executive Summary pdf - 55 KB [55 KB] - Annex 1 pdf - 172 KB [172 KB] - Annex 2 pdf - 174 KB [174 KB] - Annex 3 pdf - 998 KB [998 KB]

1999
Fourth Report from the Commission on the Present Situation and Prospects for Radioactive Waste Management in the European Union COM(98)799- see also EUR20653 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] All available translations.1999

op

Radioactive waste management

Conference papers

 TitleYear
Management of Radioactive Waste in the European Union - Opinion, Situation and Proposal for Changes pdf - 57 KB [57 KB] - "Decommissioning Challenges: an Industrial Reality"; Avignon, France; 23 - 28 November 2003 (http://www.sfen.org/) 2003
Radioactive waste management in the European Union: Initiatives for new legislation pdf - 115 KB [115 KB] - WM'03 Conference, February 23-27, 2003, Tucson, AZ, USA 2003
Europeans and Radioactive Waste - Opinions, Beliefs and Concerns pdf - 237 KB [237 KB] - WM'03 Conference, February 23-27, 2003, Tucson, AZ, USA 2003
Radioactive waste management and early decommissioning of nuclear facilities in the candidate countries pdf - 109 KB [109 KB] - Conference on EU Accession and Eastern Euroepean Nuclear Power, Budapest, 8 - 9 July 2002 2003
Radioactive Waste Management in the European Union pdf - 49 KB [49 KB] - Presentation made at the Seminar on "Nuclear Energy and Radioactive Waste", Brussels, 25 Oct. 2000, jointly organised by EURELECTRIC and the European Commission (DG Energy and Transport) 2000
Radioactive Waste in the European Union pdf - 44 KB [44 KB] . International Conference on Radioactive Waste Disposal; Berlin, 4 - 6 September 2000 2000
Current Policy and Research on Radioactive Waste Management in the European Union pdf - 85 KB [85 KB] - IAEA International Conference on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management; 13 - 17 March 2000, Córdoba, Spain 2000
European Commission Activities in the fields of: A: Radioactive Waste Management Policy (DG Environment) B: Radioactive Waste Management Research (DG Research) pdf - 72 KB [72 KB] - Status Report to the OECD/NEA Radioactive Waste Management Committee (RWMC); 9 - 10 March 2000 2000
The Future or Radioactive Waste Management pdf - 43 KB [43 KB] - GMF - Group of european Municipalities in nuclear areas for the Future; European Conference: Nuclear plants and local democracy - municipalities around nuclear power plants; 2 - 3 February 2000, Brussels 2000
Radioactive Waste Management in Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) pdf - 55 KB [55 KB] - EURADWASTE '99 "Radioactive Waste Management Strategies and Issues" - 5th European Commission Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Disposal and Decommissioning; 15-18 November 1999, Luxembourg 1999
Environmental Impact Assessments and Geological Repositories for Radioactive Waste pdf - 92 KB [92 KB] - EURADWASTE '99 "Radioactive Waste Management Strategies and Issues" - 5th European Commission Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Disposal and Decommissioning; 15-18 November 1999, Luxembourg 1999
The Financing of Radioactive Waste Storage and Disposal pdf - 66 KB [66 KB] - EURADWASTE '99 "Radioactive Waste Management Strategies and Issues" - 5th European Commission Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Disposal and Decommissioning; 15-18 November 1999, Luxembourg 1999
Radioactive Waste Management in the European Union Applicant Countries pdf - 70 KB [70 KB] - ENS Topseal'99 - International Topical Meeting on Radioactive Waste Management: Commitment to the Future Environment; 10-14 October 1999, Antwerp, Belgium 1999
Public Opinion on Radioactive Waste Management in the European Union pdf - 52 KB [52 KB] - ENS Topseal'99 - International Topical Meeting on Radioactive Waste Management: Commitment to the Future Environment; 10-14 October 1999, Antwerp, Belgium 1999
European Union Programmes on Radioactive Waste management and Decommissioning pdf - 85 KB [85 KB] - 15th Residential Summer School on Radioactive Waste Management and Decommissioning; 28 June - 2 July 1999; Christ's College Cambridge UK 1999

Top

 

Decommissioning of nuclear installations

EUR reports

EUR numberReport titleYear
17622 pdf - 239 KB [239 KB] A review of the situation of decommissioning of nuclear installations in Europe1997
17623Demonstrating compliance with clearance levels in dismantling nuclear installations (and application to the WAK reprocessing plant)1997
18041 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] Recycling and reuse of radioactive material in the controlled nuclear sector1998
18860 pdf - 242 KB [242 KB] Supporting document for the preparation of an EC communication on the subject of decommissioning nuclear installations in the EU1999
18945 pdf - 3 MB [3 MB] Review of existing and future requirements for decommissioning nuclear facilities in the CIS1999
19151 pdf - 3 MB [3 MB] Evaluation of the radiological and economic consequences of decommissioning particle accelerators1999
19155 pdf - 3 MB [3 MB] General overview of existing and future requirements for decommissioning nuclear facilities in Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Slovak and Czech Republics1999- 2000
20051 pdf - 22 KB [22 KB] Environmental Impact Assessment for the Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations - Vol. 1 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] - Vol. 2 pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] - Vol.2 Fig. 2-1 pdf - 185 KB [185 KB] - Vol. 3 pdf - 918 KB [918 KB] 2001
20165 pdf - 126 KB [126 KB] Study on the Dev-elopment of Methodology for Cost Calculations and Financial Planning of Decommissioning Operations - Task 1 pdf - 491 KB [491 KB] - Task 2 pdf - 926 KB [926 KB] - Task 3 pdf - 617 KB [617 KB] - Task 4 pdf - 76 KB [76 KB] 2001

Top

 

Decommissioning of nuclear installations

Other publications

Title

Year

Second Report on the use of financial resources earmarked for the decommissioning of nuclear installations, spent fuel and radioactive waste COM(2007)794 pdf2007
Commision Staff Working Document SEC(2007) 16542007

Report on the use of financial resources earmarked for the decommissioning of nuclear power plants COM(2004) 719 pdf

2004
Analysis of Environmental, Economic and Social Issues Linked to the Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations pdf - 11 MB [11 MB] 2007

Comparison among different decommissioning funds methodologies for nuclear installations pdf - 3 MB [3 MB] : The Commission disagrees with conclusion of the study on legal aspects. Following Art. 305 of the EC Treaty, "provisions of this Treaty shall not derogate from those of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community"

2007
Commission recommendation of 24 October 2006 on the management of financial resources for the decommissioning of nuclear installations, spent fuel and radioactive waste 2006/851/Euratom pdf2006
Inventory of Best Practices in the Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations pdf - 18 MB [18 MB] 2006
Analysis of the Factors Influencing the Selection of Strategies for Decommissioning of Nuclear Installations pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] 2006

Top

 

Decommissioning of nuclear installations

Conference papers

 TitleYear
A European Perspective on the Funding of Decommissioning and Related Activities of the End of the Nuclear Cycle pdf - 52 KB [52 KB] - NEA International Seminar on "Strategy Selection for the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities"; Tarragona, Spain, 1-5 September 2003 2003
Radioactive Waste Management and Decommissioning in an Enlarged European Union pdf - 46 KB [46 KB] - 19th Residential Summer School on Decommission and Radioactive Waste Management; Cambridge UK, 30 June - 4 July 2003 2003
Radioactive waste management and early decommissioning of nuclear facilities in the candidate countries  pdf - 109 KB [109 KB] - Conference on EU Accession and Eastern Euroepean Nuclear Power, Budapest, 8 - 9 July 2002 2002
European Union Programmes on Radioactive Waste management and Decommissioning pdf - 85 KB [85 KB] - 15th Residential Summer School on Radioactive Waste Management and Decommissioning; Christ's College Cambridge UK, 28 June - 2 July 1999 1999

Top

 

Rehabilitation of contaminated territories (including radiological consequences and impact)

EUR reports

EUR numberReport title

Year

17626Measurements, modelling of migration and possible radiological consequences at deep-well injection sites for liquid radioactive waste in Russia1997
17627Optimal management routes for the restoration of territories contaminated during and after the Chernobyl accident1997
17630Analysis of the medium and long term environmental and radiological consequences of the migration of radionuclides from the Karachay Lake in the Southern Urals (Russian Federation) - Parts 1 & 2: Identification of possible countermeasures2000
17632Radiological impact, through the drinking water pathway, of the nuclear tests performed on the Balapan test site, Kazakhstan1999
17634Evolution of the radiological situation around the nuclear reactors with spent fuel which have been scuttled in the Kara Sea1997
18189Evaluation of the radiological impact resulting from injection operations in Tomsk-7 and Krasnoyarsk-261999
18190Current situation concerning radioactive waste management and restoration of contaminated territories in and around the Mayak site2000
18193 pdf - 3 MB [3 MB] Proceedings of the workshop on restoration strategies of contaminated territories resulting from the Chernobyl accident2000
20312 pdf - 51 KB [51 KB] Remediation of the low-level radioactive waste tailing pond at Kowary, Poland - Final Report pdf - 562 KB [562 KB] - Encl. 6 pdf - 159 KB [159 KB] - Encl. 8 pdf - 234 KB [234 KB] - Encl. 9 pdf - 118 KB [118 KB] 2002

Top

Rehabilitation of contaminated territories (including radiological consequences and impact)

Conference papers

TitleYear
The Legacy of Uranium Mining in Central and Eastern Europe - a view from the European Union pdf - 121 KB [121 KB] - International Symposium on the Uranium Production Cycle and the Environment; 2-6 October 2000; IAEA, Vienna 2000

Top

Top