Nuclear materials such as uranium and plutonium can be used both for peaceful and military purposes. Nuclear safeguards were established as a guarantee that nuclear materials would not be diverted to purposes other than those for which they were originally declared.
Nuclear safeguards are measures that
Users and holders of nuclear material (uranium, plutonium and thorium) in the EU have to keep records documenting flows, processes and stocks.
Every month they must declare to the Commission all flows of nuclear materials in and out of their installation. Once a year they must inventory all stocks of nuclear material they hold.
All these efforts seek to better safeguard civil nuclear material on EU territory and contribute to the worldwide non‑proliferation regime.