EU Scientific Seminar 2009 Childhood Leukaemia – mechanisms and causes
In 2009, the Scientific Seminar discussed Childhood Leukaemia – mechanisms and causes. Five internationally renowned scientists working in the field of childhood leukaemia presented current knowledge. The speakers offered a general overview on advances in childhood acute leukaemia, followed by a presentation on risk factors of childhood leukaemia – the French research program, a review of identified and possible aetiologies of childhood leukaemia, a summary of the ionising radiation epidemiology of childhood leukaemia, and a report on childhood leukaemia around nuclear installations. The presentations were followed by a round table discussion, in which the speakers and invited additional experts discussed potential Policy implications and research needs.
The proceedings of the EU Scientific Seminar 2009 were published in the Radiation Protection Series N° RP 163 [2 MB] .
Programme [11 KB]
Aetiologies of childhood leukaemia [824 KB]
Rural and Urban Population Mixing [224 KB]
EU Scientific Seminar 2008 Emerging Evidence for radiation induced circulatory diseases
In 2008, the Scientific Seminar discussed Emerging evidence for radiation induced circulatory diseases. Seven scientists actively working in the field of radiation induced circulatory diseases presented current knowledge. They reported on evidence of such diseases among patients treated with radiotherapy, and on epidemiological evidence in the atomic bomb survivors, in radon exposed miners, and in nuclear industry workers in the UK and in the Russian facility Mayak. In addition, the status of ongoing research on biological mechanisms of radiation induced diseases was given. The presentations were followed by a round table discussion on Policy implications and research needs, in which renowned scientists in the areas oncology and cardiology, as well as representatives from a regulatory authority and from a workers' union participated actively.
Current scientific knowledge presented at this seminar indicates that although many confounding factors have to be taken into account, epidemiological evidence is accumulating in favour of an increased risk of circulatory diseases for doses higher than 0.5 Gy. This evidence can be observed both after acute exposure and after protracted exposures. In the field of radiotherapy this effect has been known since a few years and is of growing concern. There is ongoing research to explain the underlying biological mechanisms, which are still largely unknown. The seminar pointed at the need for additional research, in particular to define the critical target in the heart. Finally, the discussions revealed that there is a need to communicate and discuss the issue, in particular with the medical community but also with regulators. With a view to the current system of radiation protection, these discussions may address the application of the optimisation principle and appropriate dose constraints for organ doses.
The proceedings of the EU Scientific Seminar 2008 were published in the Radiation Protection Series, N° RP158 [948 KB]
Programme [17 KB]
EU Scientific Seminar 2007 "Emerging issues on tritium and low energy beta emitters
In 2007, the Scientific Seminar discussed "Emerging issues on tritium and low energy beta emitters". Renowned scientists reported on the relevance of dose for low energy beta emitters, on metabolism, radiobiology and epidemiology of tritium, on tritium in the environment: sources, measurements and transfer, and on tritium in fusion facilities. The seminar raised a few issues which merit further attention such as the biological impact of incorporated tritium which may have to be reconsidered with regard to new data on risk from organically bound tritium. The seminar pointed at the need for research, for example in epidemiological studies on the effects of tritium, biotransformation and food accumulation, in particular of organically bound tritium, effects in early pregnancy, and the impact of tritium particulates. The same issues may arise for other radionuclides emitting low energy beta or Auger electrons. Finally, the seminar opened the discussion with the fusion community on tritium issues.
The proceedings of the EU Scientific Seminar 2007 were published in the Radiation Protection Series, N° RP152 [3 MB]
Programme [84 KB]
Doses from tritium [597 KB]
TRITIUM and the ENVIRONMENT [6 MB]
EU Scientific Seminar 2006 New Insights in Radiation Risk and Basic Safety Standards
In 2006, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) offered for public consultation a third draft of its future Recommendations. The European Commission organised a Scientific Seminar to review this draft in the light of current insights in radiation risks. Leading scientists presented current knowledge covering the issues radiation induced cancers and age and gender sensitivities, and radiation induced genetic risk and non cancer diseases.
The proceedings of the EU Scientific Seminar 2006 were published in the Radiation Protection Series, N° RP145 [2 MB]
EU Scientific Seminar 2005 Alpha-Emitters: Reliability of Assessment of Risk for Radiation Protection
In 2005, the Scientific Seminar discussed "Alpha-Emitters: Reliability of Assessment of Risk for Radiation Protection". Renowned scientists reported on non-targeted effects of ionising radiation and their potential implications for radiation protection, on dosimetric uncertainties after exposure to alpha-emitters, and on epidemiological information on the reliability of assessment of risk for radiation protection.
The proceedings of the EU Scientific Seminar 2005 were published in the Radiation Protection Series, N° RP151 [927 KB]
EU Scientific Seminar 2004 A critical review of the draft 2005 ICRP Recommendations
In 2004, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) offered for public consultation a second Draft of its future Recommendations (Draft 2005 ICRP Recommendations). The European Commission organised a Seminar to critically review the 2005 Draft ICRP Recommendations. The intention was to present the line of thinking within ICRP regarding the topics biological foundations of radiation effects, dosimetric aspects, dose limitations, exclusion levels, and ethical and legal issues. Each of these topics was introduced by a representative of the respective ICRP Committee followed by a critical review presented by a challenging speaker.
The proceedings of the EU Scientific Seminar 2004 containing the critical reviews by the challenging speakers together with a brief summary of the highlights were published in the Radiation Protection Series, N° RP150 [489 KB]
EU Scientific Seminar 2003 Medical Overexposures
In 2003, the Scientific Seminar discussed the issue of medical overexposures. Two scientists working in the medical exposure area reported on occupational overexposure in the medical field and on potential added risks from new technology in medicine.
The proceedings of the EU Scientific Seminar 2003 were published in the Radiation Protection Series, N° RP149 [4 MB]