The regulatory basis is the Euratom Treaty (1957)
Article 2 of this Treaty stipulates that "in order to perform its task, the Community shall, as provided for in this Treaty…. establish uniform safety standards to protect the health of workers and of the general public and ensure that they are applied".
The requirements for radiation protection are laid down in Title II Chapter 3 "Health and Safety", Articles 30 to 39 of the Euratom Treaty.
Pursuant to the Treaty, a comprehensive set of directives, regulations, recommendations and decisions has been elaborated and adopted. The full texts of all Community-level provisions currently valid in the area of radiation protection are provided.
Since the first Basic Safety Standards Directive adopted in 1958, this Directive was updated many times. The latest update was in 2013 (Council Directive 2013/59/EURATOM). Other legislation was adopted in the aftermath of the Chernobyl accident, with regard to the exchange of information, and on contamination of foodstuffs and feedstuffs. Further legislation on specific aspects was developed with regard to shipment of radioactive waste and substances.
For the implementation of the requirements in primary legislation (Chapter 3 of the Euratom Treaty), non-binding legislation was adopted on the radiation protection provisions in the Euratom Treaty:
91/444/EURATOMAll available translations.
Commission Recommendation of 26 July 1991 on the application of the third and fourth paragraphs of Article 33 of the Euratom Treaty
(OJ L-238 of 27/08/91 page 31)
Commission Recommendation of 11 October 2010 on the application of Article 37 of the Euratom Treaty
(OJ L-279 of 23/10/10 page 36)
2000/473/EURATOMAll available translations.
Commission Recommendation of 8 June 2000 on the application of Article 36 of the Euratom Treaty concerning the monitoring of the levels of radioactivity in the environment for the purpose of assessing the exposure of the population as a whole.
(OJ L-191 of 27/07/2000 page 37)
2004/2/EURATOMAll available translations.
Commission Recommendation of 18 December 2003 on standardised information on radioactive airborne and liquid discharges into the environment from nuclear power reactors and reprocessing plants in normal operation
(OJ L-002 of 06/01/2004 page 36)
Communication concerning: "Verification of environmental radioactivity monitoring facilities under the terms of the EURATOM Treaty. Practical arrangements for the conduct of verification visits in Member States."
(OJ C-155 of 04/07/2006 page 2)