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Nuclear energy

What do we want to achieve?

Nuclear power plants generate about 30% of the electricity produced in the EU. There are currently 132 nuclear reactors in operation in 14 EU member countries. Each EU country can decide whether it wants to include nuclear power in its energy mix.

Through the Euratom Treaty, the EU can ensure the safe and sustainable use of nuclear energy across Europe and help non-EU countries meet high standards of safety, security and non-proliferation.

The European Commission looks at nuclear activities from three angles:

  • Nuclear safety is about the safe operation of nuclear installations. It is complemented by radiation protection and radioactive waste management.
  • Nuclear safeguards are measures to ensure that nuclear materials are used only for the purposes declared by the users.
  • Nuclear security relates to the physical protection of nuclear material and installations against malicious acts.

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