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Single market for gas & electricity

Studies - Electricity

The studies are subject to a disclaimer and copyright. The studies have been carried out for the European Commission and express the opinions of the organisations having undertaken them. The views have not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be relied upon as a statement of the European Commission's views. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information given in the studies, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.

Copyright in these studies is held by the European Union. Persons wishing to use the contents of these studies (in whole or in part) for purposes other than their personal use are invited to submit a written request to the following address: European Commission - Energy DG Library (DM28, 0/36) - B-1049 Brussels or by electronic form





  • TSO liability pdf - 522 KB [522 KB]
    Liability of electricity Transmission System Operators for supply failure



  • Review and analysis of EU wholesale energy markets

Historical and current data analysis of EU wholesale electricity, gas and CO2 markets pdf - 1014 KB [1014 KB]

Evaluation of Factors Impacting on Current and Future Market Liquidity and Efficiency pdf - 5 MB [5 MB]



Annexes pdf - 2 MB [2 MB]


Benefits and practical steps towards the integration of intraday electricity markets and balancing mechanisms pdf - 940 KB [940 KB]

Analysis of the network capacities and possible congestion of the electricity transmission networks within the accession countries pdf - 3 MB [3 MB]



Appendix D pdf - 218 KB [218 KB]

Appendix E pdf - 47 KB [47 KB]

Appendix F pdf - 2 MB [2 MB]

Executive summary pdf - 91 KB [91 KB]


Annex pdf - 168 KB [168 KB]

1998 - 2002