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Smart Grids

DPIA Template and Commission Recommendation 2014/724/EU

The Data Protection Impact Assessment Template for smart grid and smart metering systems (DPIA Template) serves as an evaluation and decision-making tool for entities planning or executing investments in the smart grids sector. It helps them identify and anticipate risks to data protection, privacy and security. It then describes the most suitable safeguards in proportion to these risks. The DPIA Template will help ensure progress towards adequate and harmonised protection of personal data and enhanced security in smart grids and smart metering across the EU. It will provide benefits for consumers, Data Protection Authorities and industry. 

The European Commission has adopted a Recommendation on the DPIA Template which provides guidance to Member States on how to support its implementation by data controllers. Specifically, the Recommendation promotes a two-year test phase, as requested by the Article 29 Data Protection Working Group (WP29) and the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS). In the test phase, data controllers are encouraged to apply the Template to real-life cases with the guidance and support of Data Protection Authorities. Throughout this process, results will be disseminated and discussed in the Smart Grid Task Force (SGTF) amongst testers, industry, Data Protection Authorities, energy regulators, and representatives of civil society. Based on the feedback, the Template will be fine-tuned to enhance its efficiency and user-friendliness as required by WP29 and EDPS.

The Commission's Recommendation on preparations for smart-metering roll-out (2012/148/EU) first called for the creation of a DPIA Template and its submission for opinion to WP29. Steered by DG Energy and DG Joint Research Centre, the Template was drafted by representatives of the smart grid sector working together in Expert Group 2 (EG2) of the SGTF, taking into account the opinions issued by WP29.


Data controllers are strongly encouraged to follow the following Commission Recommendations and WP29 opinions in their implementation of the Template:

WP29 website
EDPS website

26 June 2014

European Conference on Smart Metering Deployment in the EU

The European Commission organised on 26 June 2014 a high-level conference entitled "Smart Metering Deployment in the EU". This conference complemented the discussion under the EUSEW (EU Sustainable Energy Week) Future Retail Market event that took place the 25 June 2014.

The aim was to gauge, on the basis of the recently adopted Commission Report "Benchmarking smart metering deployment in the EU-27 with a focus on electricity" (COM(2014) 356), the progress to date with smart metering implementation in line with the provisions of the Third Energy Package, disseminate best practices and lessons learned, and reflect on the way forward for realising the full smart metering potential.

18 June 2014

EU progress on smart metering

Member States are required to ensure the implementation of smart metering under EU energy market legislation in the Third Energy Package. This implementation may be subject to a long-term cost-benefit analysis (CBA). In cases where the CBA is positive, there is a roll-out target of at least 80% market penetration for electricity by 2020.

A report by the European Commission, released in June 2014, measures progress on the deployment of smart meters across the EU. To date, Member States have committed to rolling out close to 200 million smart meters for electricity and 45 million for gas by 2020 at a total potential investment of €45 billion. By 2020, it is expected that almost 72% of European consumers will have a smart meter for electricity while 40% will have one for gas.

Estimates vary, but the cost of a smart metering system averages between €200 and €250 per customer, while delivering benefits per metering point of €160 for gas and €309 for electricity along with, on average, 3% energy savings.

The overall successful roll-out of smart meters across the EU is dependent on criteria largely decided by Member States however. This includes regulatory arrangements, and the extent to which the systems to be deployed will be technically and commercially interoperable, as well as guarantee data privacy and security. There is also no EU-wide consensus yet on the minimum range of operations required by smart meters.


21 May 2014

Study on the role of DSOs in a Smart Grid environment

This is the final report of the study "The role of DSOs in a Smart Grid environment" pdf - 2 MB [2 MB] , conducted by Ecorys and ECN. The purpose of the study is to analyse the role and responsibilities of Distribution System Operators in the future retail market, given the developments towards smart grids.

9 April 2014

Security measures for smart grid

In its Communication on "Smart Grids: from innovation to deployment" [COM/2011/202], the European Commission has recognised that smart grids, as a Critical Infrastructure, should operate securely and respect end users' privacy. For this reason, the Commission has decided to further investigate the challenges of ensuring adequate smart grid protection in the EU. In light of the above, ENISA (European Network and Information Security Agency), in cooperation with ENER and CNECT, undertook consultations with the private and public sectors in order to formulate security measures to assist smart grid providers in improving the infrastructures' cyber resilience.

This has led to the formulation of this document, entitled ‘Proposal for a list of security measures for smart grid' pdf - 975 KB [975 KB] , containing 45 security measures structured in 11 security domains as well as the mapping of the identified security measures to the potential threats.

This document is linked to DG ENER actions on smart grid cyber security as well as to SG CNECT's proposal for a NIS Directive (Objective 1.4.2).

23 July 2013

Smart Grid projects in Europe: Lessons learned and current developments (2012 update)

Discover the content of the most updated and comprehensive inventory of Smart grid and smart metering projects in Europe for 2012: it includes 281 smart grid projects and around 90 smart metering pilots and roll-outs from 30 European countries.

Also available on the JRC website

28 January 2013

European Conference on Smart Grid Standardization Achievements

The European Commission, with the support of European Standardization Organizations (CEN, CENELEC and ETSI), organized on 28 January 2013 a high-level conference entitled "Smart Grid Standardization Achievements".

The European Commission's mandates to the European Standards Organization for Smart Meter standards were issued in March 2009, for electric vehicle standards in June 2010 and for Smart Grids standards in March 2011. During the conference the achievements of the work carried out on the basis of these mandates were disseminated.

Agenda and presentations are available here:

27 April 2012

Guidelines for conducting a cost-benefit analysis of Smart Grid projects

The goal of this report is to provide guidance and advice for conducting cost-benefit analyses of Smart Grid projects

9 March 2012

Preparations for the roll-out of smart metering systems

The Commission Recommendation to prepare the roll-out of smart-metering systems aims to facilitate the take-up of this new technology, by providing step-by-step guidelines for Member States on how to conduct cost-benefit analysis by 3 September 2012. It also sets common minimum functionalities of smart metering systems and addresses data protection and security issues. The European Commission (EC) is paving the way for a massive roll-out of smart metering systems. Following energy consumption in real time allow consumers to control their energy bills better.

Octobre 2011

Set of common functional requirements of the SMART METER

12 April 2011

Adoption of the Communication on Smart Grids

The Communication sets policy directions to drive forward the deployment of future European electricity networks. Bringing together the latest progress in Information and Communication technologies and network development will allow electricity to flow exactly where and when it is needed at the cheapest cost. Smart grids will enable consumers to follow their electricity consumption in real time, saving energy and money. Estimates show that smart electricity grids should reduce CO2 emissions in the EU by 9% and the annual household energy consumption by 10%. They should also help ensure the secure functioning of the electricity system and enable the integration of vast amounts of renewables.