Direct emissions from civil aviation account for about 3% of total greenhouse gas emissions in the EU. Biofuels can help lower the EU's carbon footprint by providing a renewable alternative to jet fuel in airliners. They emit less CO2, contain no sulphur compounds, and are generally more efficient due to their higher energy density.
European Advanced Biofuels Flightpath
The European Advanced Biofuels Flightpath aims:
- to get sustainably produced biofuels to the market faster, through the construction of advanced biofuels production plants in Europe. The first set of plants are planned to be operational by 2015 or 2016, with the second set operational by 2020
- to get the aviation industry to use 2 million tonnes of biofuels by 2020
To achieve this, the Flightpath will find ways to finance these plants. The first steps include:
- hosting a high level workshop with financial institutions to address potential funding
- facilitating the signing of purchase agreements between the aviation sector and biofuel producers
In 2011, the European Commission in partnership with Airbus, and in cooperation with leading European Airlines (Lufthansa, Air France/KLM, and British Airways) and biofuel producers (Choren Industries, Neste Oils, Biomass Technology Group, and UOP) launched the European Advanced Biofuels Flightpath.